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Interview with Band-Maid on Barks on 2016-05-18: Band-Maid deliver the full-course meal of “hard rock × moe”

2020.09.25 15:56 t-shinji Interview with Band-Maid on Barks on 2016-05-18: Band-Maid deliver the full-course meal of “hard rock × moe”

Photo, Article
This is an interview in their early days on Barks. For the details of how they started, it would be better to read the following longer interviews:

[Interview] Band-Maid deliver the full-course meal of “hard rock × moe”
Interviewer: Hiroko Yamamoto
Band-Maid, a five-piece all-girl rock band who first gained popularity among overseas music fans, are releasing their major-label debut mini-album Brand New MAID on May 18. Miku Kobato, who actually used to work at a maid cafe in Akihabara, wanted to form a band with moe of the contrast [“gap”] between cuteness and coolness. That’s the starting point of Band-Maid. You will be surprised if you actually hear their masculine play and hard rock sound with moe-style visuals. We had a long interview with them, who already performed in the US and booked in the UK and are going forward across the world.
— You Band-Maid are active worldwide, like in events in Seattle, the US and in London, the UK, but since this is your first appearance on Barks, would you please explain how you were formed first? Miku-san, you played a central role in the formation, didn’t you?
Miku (Miku Kobato): I used to work at maid cafes in Akihabara for about 3 years [note: she also counts a maid cafe in Kumamoto], and I originally liked bands and liked singing, so I thought it might be interesting to form a band that is both “cute” and “cool” then.
— So you were developing the idea of a band while working in a maid cafe. Did you already decide the other members then?
Miku: Not yet at that time, actually. After I quit working as a maid, I got to want more strongly to form a band with a contrast of visuals. So, I hit upon the name “Band-Maid” combining “band” and “maid”, and began to search other members. First, I found Kanamincho (Kanami), the guitarist, who had uploaded guitar cover videos on the Internet, and contacted her.
Kanami (Kanami Tōno): I was contacted through the Internet. The band’s concept and the music she wanted to play were also written there… I had played the guitar in a maid outfit in an annual school festival when I was in high school, so I was like “The song [note: Be OK] is also cool. This must be fun”.
— So you decided to do it with Miku-san.
Kanami: Yes. I was asked like “We don’t have a drummer or a bassist yet. Do you know anyone?” I was a singer-songwriter at that time, and I contacted Ā-chan (Akane), who had drummed for me once [note: perhaps for Move On 12 in 2012].
Akane: I used to go to a music school [note: Tokyo School of Music Shibuya], and I contacted Misa, the bassist, from the same school, who was working as a supporting musician with me [note: as in a back band of Becky♪♯ in 2012].
Kanami: But you didn’t like the idea of wearing maid outfits, right?
Akane: Right. Both of us hadn’t worn cute clothes before, so we were like “The song is cool but the maid outfit is…” (laughter).
Misa: I thought about it all through the night (laughter).
Akane: However, there was absolutely no other band who plays this hard music in maid outfits, and I was sure it would be fun, so I replied the next day.
Miku: The three joined smoothly like hop, step and jump as soon as Kanamincho decided to join. I was lucky. So, we started as a four-piece band, but when we actually played together in the studio, we found my voice was a little light and thought we need more heaviness if we play cool songs. We thought twin vocals might be good, and when we heard Sai-chan (Saiki) sing, who sang solo in the same production [note: Platinum Production], we found her voice powerful, and we were like “she will suit Band-Maid songs!”
— You found the right person.
Miku: But I thought she would hate maid outfits, so I invited her like “We are a band who plays cool songs in a little cute clothes” without explaining much (laughter).
Saiki (Saiki Atsumi): That was so. I thought the music was cool, but when I actually went to costume fitting, I found a maid outfit hung on the wall, and I was like “There’s an Alice band!” (laughter).
Miku: Now she wears cool clothes, but she wore an apron too before.
Saiki: Like “An apron? I was tricked!” (laughter)
Miku: That was after she decided to join us, so I thought “I won!” (laughter)
Saiki: All’s well that ends well. And we thought we would have thick and heavy sound if we had two guitarists, so Kobato decided to play the guitar and sing.
Miku: I hadn’t played the guitar before that, so I began practicing. Kanamincho is my teacher.
Kanami: She’s working hard at it.
Photo: Brand New MAID Type-A
— The five of you finally gathered in summer 2013. All of you seem to have different characters. Would you please introduce each other to us?
Miku: Kanamincho, the guitarist, is a dreamy and a little strange girl just as she looks.
Saiki: She’s naturally funny, but when she holds a guitar in her hands, her face totally changes. As if she was possessed by something. Her guitar solos are super cool. Her contrast is great.
— Your way of talking is also so gentle I can’t believe you are the same person as the one who plays the aggressive guitar.
Kanami: That’s very kind of you to say.
Saiki: She’s well-brought-up.
Akane: She’s a lady.
Kanami: My hobbies are reading and the classical piano, such as reading books in a cafe in Daikanyama.
Miku: She grinds beans first when she drinks coffee.
— How about Saiki-san?
Miku: She’s the queen.
— I really understand.
Saiki: Ha ha ha. I’m often said I’m the queen type.
Miku: She’s kind of dominant. She’s the exact opposite of me, both in looks and in characters. Moreover, she’s cold to me. She often punches me when I fumble my words or fail in something (laughter).
Saiki: She’s a dojikko [note: a comically clumsy girl].
Miku: But she’s kind to Kanamincho. And Kanamincho likes Sai-chan.
Kanami: I’d really like you to see her on stage. Her singing voice and performance are so cool. Her voice reflects her inner strength♡
Miku: She’s looking at Sai-chan while playing a guitar solo.
Saiki: I feel her gaze (laughter).
— How about Miku-san, who created Band-Maid?
Saiki: Kobato has a habit of saying “kuruppo”. She’s the crazy type (laughter).
Miku: (laughter) I don’t mean to be so.
Misa: She’s eccentric, right?
Akane: At the same time she’s such a strategist to have formed Band-Maid.
Saiki: She’s certainly the best among us at idea generation. She’s the only person who has worked as a maid, so when we think about MC and our band concept, we ask her like “What is a maid cafe like?” She does MC basically alone.
Miku: Right. We Band-Maid call concerts “servings” [note: okyūji] and fans “masters and princesses” [note: goshujinsama, ojōsama]. We greet “Welcome back home” [note: okaerinasaimase] when they come to our servings, and “Have a nice trip” [note: itterasshaimase] when they go out.
Saiki: We’re the opposite of the other bands.
Miku: But my inside is a middle-aged man.
Akane: Yes, she’s so. Her hobby is horse racing (laughter). She sometimes predicts horse races in waiting time.
Saiki: She also likes drinking.
Miku: I like shochu and saké. [Note: both are seen as older men’s drinks, as younger Japanese people prefer cocktails, beer, and wine.]
— Miku-san and Kanami-san have a big contrast each.
Kanami: We might be so in a different sense.
Saiki: Right. Kobato has a contrast with her inside, and Kanami completely changes when she holds a guitar. Don’t treat them in the same way (laughter).
— You are kind to Kanami-san.
Miku: (sob) Why so?
— How about Akane-san?
Saiki: She’s cheerful and silly (laughter).
Kanami: However, she’s our leader at least (laughter). [Note: they don’t have a leader now.]
Miku: She’s said to be a wild and silly leader.
Akane: I can do nothing but the drums.
— You devote yourself to the drums.
Akane: Please describe me so (laughter).
Miku: She’s also a big eater. Her record of wanko soba was…
Akane: 120 bowls (laughter). I can eat 30 dishes [note: 60 pieces] of sushi at a conveyor belt sushi.
Miku: She often breaks her costume with her full stomach.
Akane: I’ve broken zippers three times or so and fixed them with my own money. I tend to eat all the remaining foods of the other members (laughter).
Miku: She plays the powerful drums thanks to that.
Saiki: She would be super fat if she didn’t play the drums (laughter).
— Lastly, how about Misa-san, who has a cool atmosphere?
Saiki: She’s cool as you say.
Miku: She’s an Asian beauty. [Note: Japanese people usually refer to cool-looking Japanese models like Sayoko Yamaguchi and Ai Tominaga by “Asian beauty”.] She loves drinking.
Misa: Yes, I’m a drinker.
Miku: Her stage drink is whiskey.
— Really? Does she speak more when she drinks?
Miku: No, she doesn’t change much.
Saiki: She laughs a little when she drinks (laughter).
Kanami: But she looks lively then.
Misa: I feel good then.
— So does she have no problem on her life if she can drink and play the bass?
Miku: She’s really like that.
Saiki: She’s the most exactly what she looks among us five.
Photo 2
— I’ve heard you Band-Maid gained popularity on Facebook first. Did you expect that to happen?
Miku: We had never imagined that. Thankfully Jrock Radio uploaded the MV of our song named Thrill on their Facebook page, but none of us knew that.
Saiki: The number of Twitter followers increased with a bang, and they were full of English account names.
Miku: Initially we thought our accounts had been hacked (laughter).
Kanami: However, the YouTube view count was also increasing. We researched why and found they had shown our MV.
Akane: Like 2 million views in 2 weeks. I was extremely surprised.
Miku: We were really glad because we formed Band-Maid aiming for world domination. We got to be known overseas because of that.
Saiki: We were like “We’re so lucky!”
— So that’s why you performed at Sakura-Con, a Japanese culture festival in Seattle, and you are to perform at MCM Comic Con, a modern pop culture event from May 27 to 29 in London.
Saiki: Yes. Seattle was the biggest event ever among our servings. Around 3000 people came to see us.
Miku: We didn’t know the venue was that big. We thought we were going to perform in a small temporary stage. The audience’s cheers were so awesome I felt so good.
Saiki: The way of excitement is different than in Japan, right?
Miku: Right. We Band-Maid do a segment called “omajinai” during our serving, where I do call and response like “When I say ‘Moe Moe’ please say it in the same way!” and get them excited. Everyone shouted “Moe Moe!” for us without hesitation, while in Japan some feel embarrased probably. That serving made us grow a lot.
Akane: I was so moved. I’ll never forget it in my life.
— Now, please introduce us your major-label debut mini-album Brand New MAID. It’s full of hard, melodious and intense songs.
Saiki: It’s our third mini-album [note: after Maid in Japan and New Beginning, both from the indie label Gump Records] full of good points of songs we played live in the last three years since our formation. Just before making the album, we were talking like “Let’s be ambitious!”
Miku: We wanted to make an album worth listening to with more evolved songs and a stronger Band-Maid feel. We’ve made an album packed with what we are now.
Misa: The timing was also good in that we can transmit it to the world, so I hope we can take a step forward with it.
Miku: The last track Alone is the lead song, and it’s the culmination of our three years in a sense.
Saiki: We wrote the music and the lyrics by ourselves. We’ve been finally approved.
Miku: We had written songs also before, but they were all rejected.
— Then, please tell us about the production of Alone.
Miku: First, me and Sai-chan told Kanamincho what kind of song would be nice. That was the starting point.
Saiki: That was just a rough image. Like, “We want this kind of phrase.”
Kanami: They said they wanted a lonely melody, so I made a track on my PC. As for the composition, they gave me various opinions like “We want to slow down the A-melody”, and I was like “Then, how about this?” I roughly programmed the drums and the bass and let the two arrange for their own habitual movements.
Miku: I wrote the lyrics with Sai-chan. We Band-Maid have had many lyrics with an image of a strong woman until now, but as for Alone, Sai-chan wanted to express also a woman’s weakness, and I wrote such lyrics. When Sai-chan said “This part is not right”, I rewrote it and showed it to the other members again and again.
— So, is it the first Band-Maid song about loneliness and weakness of a girl in love?
Miku: Yes. It’s about weakness and also about getting suspicious. Also, in this song, we emphasize our twin vocals more than usual and I sing the octave above.
— Is it the lead song and a new frontier at the same time?
Saiki: Exactly.
Photo: Brand New MAID Type-B
— Which is the orthodox Band-Maid song?
Miku: Track 3 ORDER is the song made to succeed Thrill.
Kanami: It’s a song with the established direction of Band-Maid.
Misa: Its subdivision and bass line are upgraded from Thrill.
— You sing your own mind in the line “I don’t need such preaching as if you’re high up” in ORDER, and I think it might be directly linked to your visuals.
Saiki: I noticed it because you said so.
Miku: I heard it for the first time, but it’s certainly so Band-Maid, including twin vocals.
— In Track 4 Brand-New Road, you incorporated a jazzy arrangement.
Akane: That’s a breaking ball [note: not a “fastball”]. We usually play intense and fast rock, but we also tried the groovy song with shuffle beat. In the recording, we had a hard time putting out the groove by matching our timing.
Misa: We instrumentalists worked out the details, and each of us fought against the metronome in personal training.
— You are all really good at playing instruments. You play solos very tightly. Is it OK to listen to this album as an introduction to Band-Maid?
Miku: Yes. It has an image of a full-course meal served by maids. There is an appetizer, a main dish, a dessert and a cup of coffee.
Kanami: The reason why we made Alone last track is that the preceding track Before Yesterday has a slower tempo like a cup of coffee after the meal and we wanted to put the lead song that gives you appetite again.
Photo 3
— I see. I’d like to ask the last question. You Band-Maid aim for world domination, and when you achieve your goal, what do you want to do?
Kanami: I want to go to do a serving whenever and in whichever country I want. Like “How about going to Canada on that day?” (laughter)
Saiki: I want to make the world kneel before me.
Miku: I want to make “kuruppo” a universal language. I also want to be a famous racehorse owner (laughter).
Saiki: How about running a racecourse?
Miku: Kuruppo Racecourse (laughter). But I’d rather want to make a shop named Band-Maid before that.
Akane: I want to have more friends. I want to have musical friends all over the world, like “Today I’ll go to the States to do a session with ***.”
— You can also eat foods all over the world.
Akane: Yeah, I want to eat.
Saiki: You’ll spread ramen to the world, right?
Akane: Right. After making friends, I run a ramen shop (laughter).
Misa: I want to study alcoholic drinks more and I want to collect them from all over the world.
Akane: If so, how about opening a bar?
Miku: All right! There will be a ramen shop and a bar in my racecourse (laughter).
Saiki: Why don’t you make also a music venue in it?
Miku: Yes! My dream has become bigger!
submitted by t-shinji to BandMaid [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 21:12 StevenStevens43 Gododdin literature

Gododdin literature
Welsh triads:
I will begin this article by first explaining why i refer to the Welsh triads, as Gododdin literature.
And the reason is, because the sub-roman welsh language actually takes root in the East coast of modern day Scotland. Approximate to todays Lothian region.
Gododdin
The Gododdin (Welsh pronunciation: [ɡɔˈdɔðɪn]) were a P-Celtic-speaking Brittonic) people of north-eastern Britannia, the area known as the Hen Ogledd or Old North (modern south-east Scotland and north-east England), in the sub-Roman period. Descendants of the Votadini, they are best known as the subject of the 6th-century Welsh poem Y Gododdin, which memorialises the Battle of Catraeth and is attributed to Aneirin.
Link for photo
Gododdin territory
Norse-Gaels:
Now the Gododdin were almost definitely Norse-Gaels, speaking a Norse form of Gaelic.
Name
The meaning of Gall-Goídil is "foreigner Gaels" or "foreign Gaels" and although it can in theory mean any Gael of foreign origin, it always was used of Gaels (i.e. Gaelic-speakers) with some kind of Norse identity. This term is subject to a large range of variations depending on chronological and geographical differences in the Gaelic language, e.g. Gall Gaidel, Gall Gaidhel, Gall Gaidheal, Gall Gaedil, Gall Gaedhil, Gall Gaedhel, Gall Goidel, Gall Ghaedheil, etc. The modern term in Irish is Gall-Ghaeil or Gall-Ghaedheil, while the Scottish Gaelic is Gall-Ghàidheil.[1]
The Norse–Gaels often called themselves Ostmen or Austmen, meaning East-men
Link for photo
Norse settlements
Odin:
The name Gododdin, almost definitely derives from the Norse god, Odin.
Odin
Odin (/ˈoʊdɪn/;[1] from Old Norse: Óðinn, IPA: [ˈoːðinː]) is a widely revered god in Germanic mythology. Norse mythology
Link for photo
Odin
English language:
Now this brings me to the supposed "legendary" founder of Gwynedd, "Cunedda", who was supposed to have been a leader of the Goddodin, and the leader of the group that spread Welsh Gaelic to Wales, as well as playing a role in forming the roots for the early English language.
Kingdom
Cunedda, legendary founder of the Kingdom of Gwynedd in north Wales, is supposed to have been a Manaw Gododdin warlord who migrated southwest during the 5th century.[4]
Link for photo
Map of place-names between the Firth of Forth and the River Tees: in green, names likely containing Brittonic elements; in red and orange, names likely containing the Old English elements -ham and -ingaham respectively. Brittonic names lie mostly to the north of the Lammermuir and Moorfoot Hills and may reflect the territory of the Gododdin.[5]
Cunedda:
And despite the claim in the above quote, Cunedda is not in the slightest bit "legendary".
Cunedda
Cunedda ap Edern or Cunedda Wledig[1] (fl. 5th century) was an important early Welsh leader, and the progenitor of the royal dynasty of Gwynedd.
Myth:
The only debate to be had regarding Cunedda, is regarding his descendancy.
Some scholars consider him being of Norse Gaelic descent a myth, in favour of the more preposterous and highly unlikely claim, that a norse-gaelic speaking leader of a tribe known as "god" "oddin" and spreading a language which probably pre-dated "Roman" is somehow a Roman descendant.
This claim can only be explained by early political minded Romano Brits that wished to re-establish the Roman empire by claiming every man and his dog is a Roman heir.
Background and life
[2] His genealogy is traced back to a grandfather named Padarn Beisrudd, which literally translates as Paternus of the "red tunic". One traditional interpretation identifies Padarn as a Roman (or Romano-British) official of reasonably high rank who had been placed in command of Votadini troops stationed in the Clackmannanshire region of Scotland in the 380s or earlier by the Emperor Magnus Maximus. Alternatively, he may have been a frontier chieftain who was granted Roman military rank, a practice attested elsewhere along the empire's borders at the time. In all likelihood, Padarn's command in Scotland was assumed after his death by his son, Edern (Latin: Æturnus), and then passed to Edern's son, Cunedda.
According to Old Welsh tradition contained in section 62 of the Historia Brittonum, Cunedda came from Manaw Gododdin, the modern Clackmannanshire region of Scotland:
Y Gododdin:
Some of the finest Welsh literature ever wrote, was written by the Gododdin, which would include the Welsh triads.
Cultural influence
There are a number of references to Y Gododdin in later Medieval Welsh poetry. The well-known 12th-century poem Hirlas Owain by Owain Cyfeiliog, in which Owain praises his own war-band, likens them to the heroes of the Gododdin and uses Y Gododdin as a model. A slightly later poet, Dafydd Benfras, in a eulogy addressed to Llywelyn the Great, wishes to be inspired "to sing as Aneirin sang / The day he sang the Gododdin". After this period this poetry seems to have been forgotten in Wales for centuries until Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd) discovered the manuscript in the late 18th century. From the early 19th century onwards there are many allusions in Welsh poetry.
Link for photo
Y Gododdin
Caswallawn:
Now this brings me to the historical Cassivellaunus.
However the historical Cassivellaunus is the exact same person as the legendary and mythological Caswallawn, mentioned in the Welsh triads.
Quite simply,Cassivellanus was his Roman name, given by Julius Caesar, but Caswallawn was his Celtic name, which is what Celts knew him as.
Cassivellaunus
Cassivellaunus was a historical British tribal chief who led the defence against Julius Caesar's second expedition to Britain in 54 BC. He led an alliance of tribes against Roman forces, but eventually surrendered after his location was revealed to Julius Caesar by defeated Britons.
Cassivellaunus made an impact on the British consciousness. He appears in British legend as Cassibelanus, one of Geoffrey of Monmouth's kings of Britain, and in the Mabinogion, the Brut y Brenhinedd and the Welsh Triads as Caswallawn, son of Beli Mawr. His name in Common Brittonic, \Cassiuellaunos, comes from Proto-Celtic \kassi- "passion, love, hate" (alternately, "long hair", or "bronze") + *uelna-mon- "leader, sovereign".[1]
Link for photo
Caswallawn's city
Trinovantum:
Now according to Welsh triads Caswallawn awarded certain nobles with titles, including that of Trinovantum (London).
Legend
Cassivellaunus appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's 12th century work Historia Regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain), usually spelled Cassibelanus or Cassibelaunus.[6] The younger son of the former king Heli, he becomes king of Britain upon the death of his elder brother Lud, whose own sons Androgeus and Tenvantius are not yet of age. In recompense, Androgeus is made Duke of Kent and Trinovantum (London),
See article here for Trinovantum
Crocea Mors:
Now, according to Welsh tradition, Caesar during his first invasion had his sword taken off him, and was made to flee back to Gaul.
Legend
Caesar invades at the Thames Estuary. During the fighting, Cassibelanus's brother Nennius encounters Caesar and sustains a severe head wound. Caesar's sword gets stuck in Nennius's shield, and when the two are separated in the mêlée, Nennius throws away his own sword and attacks the Romans with Caesar's, killing many, including the tribune Labienus.[7] The Britons hold firm, and that night Caesar flees back to Gaul. Cassibelanus's celebrations are muted by Nennius's death from his head wound. He is buried with the sword he took from Caesar, which is named Crocea Mors (Yellow Death).
First invasion:
Now Caesars accounts of his first invasion do indeed point to a failure.
Though, Caesar did claim a certain success from the first invasion, claiming to have subjugated certain parts of the Southern shores and made alliances with Southern kings.
He mentions nothing about having his sword taken off him, however.
Success and motivation
If the invasion was intended as a full-scale campaign, invasion or occupation, it had failed, and if it is seen as a reconnaissance-in-force or a show of strength to deter further British aid to the Gauls, it had fallen short. Nonetheless, going to Britain beyond the "known world" carried such kudos for a Roman that the Senate decreed a supplicatio (thanksgiving) of twenty days when they received Caesar's report. It is also suggested that this invasion established alliances with British kings in the area which smoothed the later invasion of AD 43.[23]
Link for photo
First landing
Second landing:
Typical, to Caesars claim of having made alliances with kings on the Southern shores, his second invasion attempt one year later was met with no resistance at the landing place in Kent.
Crossing and landing
Caesar landed at the place he had identified as the best landing-place the previous year. The Britons did not oppose the landing, apparently, as Caesar states, intimidated by the size of the fleet, but equally this may have been a strategic ploy to give them time to gather their forces, or may reflect their lack of concern.
Link for photo
Second landing
Return to Gaul:
The triads claim during this campaign, Caesar was again quickly put to flight.
Legend
Two years later, Caesar invades again with a larger force. Cassibelanus, forewarned, had planted stakes beneath the waterline of the Thames which gut Caesar's ships, drowning thousands of men. The Romans are once again quickly put to flight.
Roman account:
Caesar got quite far in to British mainland before becoming opposed by Caswallawn, who was also at war with the Southern brits.
And though Caesar claims victory over Caswallawn, he did still decide to withdraw his troops from Britain, back to Gaul, for some unbeknown reason.
March inland first paragraph
Caesar then returned to the Stour crossing and found the Britons had massed their forces there. Cassivellaunus, a warlord from north of the Thames, had previously been at war with most of the British tribes. He had recently overthrown the king of the powerful Trinovantes
March inland fourth paragraph
Cassivellaunus sent word to his allies in Kent, Cingetorix), Carvilius, Taximagulus and Segovax, described as the "four kings of Cantium",[33] to stage a diversionary attack on the Roman beach-head to draw Caesar off, but this attack failed, and Cassivellaunus sent ambassadors to negotiate a surrender. Caesar was eager to return to Gaul for the winter due to growing unrest there, and an agreement was mediated by Commius. Cassivellaunus gave hostages, agreed an annual tribute, and undertook not to make war against Mandubracius or the Trinovantes. Caesar wrote to Cicero on 26 September, confirming the result of the campaign, with hostages but no booty taken, and that his army was about to return to Gaul.[34] He then left, leaving not a single Roman soldier in Britain to enforce his settlement. Whether the tribute was ever paid is unknown.
Charriots:
Caesar was also very complimentary of Caswallawns use of Charriots, which is something the Welsh triads did not mention.
Military
Caesar advanced to the Thames. The only fordable point was defended and fortified with sharp stakes, but the Romans managed to cross it. Cassivellaunus dismissed most of his army and resorted to guerilla tactics, relying on his knowledge of the territory and the speed of his chariots.
Link for photo
Charriot
Meinlas:
Though, in actual fact, Caswallawns charriot likely was mentioned in Triad 38.
His horse was likely Meinlas, and his charriot, slender gray.
Unfortunately, likely mistaken as meaningless poetry.
Welsh literature
Triad 38 names his horse as Meinlas ("Slender Gray") and calls him one of the Three Bestowed Horses of the Island of Britain;[14]
Third invasion attempt:
A sensational claim is made by the Triads.
The triads claim that Caesar actually made a 3rd invasion attempt, and when Caswallawn went to fight them, he was met with an Army of Southerners fighting as Roman allies, and Caswallan was made to surrender to them, and become a vassal to Caesar.
Legend
Caesar invades a third time, landing at Richborough. As Cassibelaunus's army meets Caesar's, Androgeus attacks Cassibelaunus from the rear with five thousand men. His line broken, Cassibelanus retreats to a nearby hilltop. After two days siege, Androgeus appeals to Caesar to offer terms. Cassibelanus agrees to pay tribute of three thousand pounds of silver, and he and Caesar become friends.
Commius:
But this claim is actually supported by Caesar himself.
When Caesar conquered Gaul, turned Commius in to a vassal and sent him to Britain to help gain allies, and Commius did indeed negotiate the surrender of Caswallawn, who would have been taken by surprise by this attack from his fellow brits.
Ally to Caesar
When Julius Caesar conquered the Atrebates in Gaul in 57 BC,[1] as recounted in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, he appointed Commius as king of the tribe. Before Caesar's first expedition to Britain in 55 BC, Commius was sent as Caesar's envoy to persuade the Britons not to resist him, as Caesar believed he would have influence on the island.[2] However he was arrested as soon as he arrived. When the Britons failed to prevent Caesar from landing, Commius was handed over as part of the negotiations.[3] Commius was able to provide a small detachment of cavalry from his tribe to help Caesar defeat further British attacks.[4] During Caesar's second expedition to Britain Commius negotiated the surrender of the British leader Cassivellaunus.[5]
Link for photo_(cropped).jpg)
Julius Caesar
Mysterious ghost invasion:
Now, this third invasion attempt is in fact supported by a mysterious happening which baffles historians and scholars alike.
Caesar apparently chased Commius across the channel, and Commius became marooned on the british shores, like a lamb to the slaughter, but Caesar, instead of attacking, turned around and headed back to Gaul.
Obviously Caesar was simply coming to get Caswallawns surrender.
Enemy of Caesar
A 1st century AD source, Sextus Julius Frontinus's Strategemata, tells how Commius fled to Britain with a group of followers with Caesar in pursuit. When he reached the English Channel the wind was in his favour but the tide was out, leaving the ships stranded on the flats. Commius ordered the sails raised anyway. Caesar, following from a distance, assumed they were afloat and called off the pursuit.[11]
Link for photo
Commius's jewelry
War with Ireland:
There is also a claim that Southern Britains during this period are also at war with Ireland.
Welsh literature
Cassivellaunus appears as Caswallawn, son of Beli Mawr, in the Welsh Triads, the Mabinogion, and the Welsh versions of Geoffrey's Historia Regum Britanniae known as the Brut y Brenhinedd. In the Second Branch of the Mabinogi, he appears as a usurper, who seizes the throne of Britain while the rightful king, Bran the Blessed, is at war in Ireland.
1287 BC:
And even in Irish mythology, during this period, there is indeed a five year interregnum period where for the first time since 1287 BC, Ireland has no high king, for five years.
Milesian
Triad 35:
Triad 35 claims that Caswallawn fought Caesar in gaul.
Welsh literature
Triad 35 indicates that Caswallawn left Britain with 21,000 men in pursuit of Caesar and never returned.[16]
Killed 6000 Romans in Gaul:
Also there was apparently a farther 6000 Romans killed in Gaul.
Welsh literature
.[17] A later collection of triads compiled by the 18th-century Welsh antiquarian Iolo Morganwg gives an expanded version of this tradition, including the details that Caswallawn had abducted Fflur from Caesar in Gaul, killing 6,000 Romans, and that Caesar invaded Britain in response.[18]
Gallic wars:
And in Julius Caesars history, he did indeed fight a war known as the Gallic wars, which Caesar did win, and the war resulted in 1 million deaths.
It was a "huge war".
It would have ended with Commius fleeing back to Britain, and with Caswallawns surrender.
Conquest of Gaul
He proved an astute commander, defeating Caesar at the Battle of Gergovia, but Caesar's elaborate siege-works at the Battle of Alesia finally forced his surrender.[67] Despite scattered outbreaks of warfare the following year,[68] Gaul was effectively conquered. Plutarch claimed that during the Gallic Wars the army had fought against three million men (of whom one million died, and another million were enslaved), subjugated 300 tribes, and destroyed 800 cities.[69]
Link for photo
Caswallawn's surrender
Romantic:
Therefore, Rachel Bromwich's notion that the Welsh triads are romance, are inconsistent with the unromantic realities of war, and contemporary history.
Welsh literature
Welsh scholar Rachel Bromwich suggests the fragmentary allusions to Caswallawn in the Triads relate to a narrative of the character that has been lost.[13] This may have been in the form of a romance detailing the king's adventures, but would have been largely uninfluenced by the classical accounts.
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2020.09.24 19:03 AnythingMachine Down the 'Herd Immunity' rabbit hole

I recently had an odd moment of vertigo when I realized the maskless covid truther I got into an argument with at the barbers and renowned economist Robin Hanson had both watched and endorsed the exact same video on 'herd immunity' by one Ivor Cummins. It’s riddled with mistakes outlined here and here and I’m not intending to go over all of them.
Trying to figure out just what the herd immunity theorists think, whether they’re right and what their motives for saying such things are led me down a rabbit hole that involved internet arguments with prominent economists, the moral value of the neoliberal world order, being personally called out by Van Morrison and a profound quote from the Discworld novel The Last Hero.
There are two parts to this odd investigation. First, the 'herd immunity theorists' do have a grain of truth to their claims, as I've explained e.g. here, and I'll elaborate on the economic side of it here (which I didn't go over in that comment). Tyler Cowen also says as much here:
Once upon a time, there were some herd immunity theorists. They claimed that once a certain percentage of the population had been infected, the R for Covid would fall below one and the disease would become far less common and less significant. Since these analysts were especially aware of heterogeneity issues (though common in the broader scholarly literature), these same herd immunity theorists tended to be less pessimistic than many of the mainstream forecasts. To be clear, everyone knew that herd immunity was a general and universally accepted concept in the literature. But these particular herd immunity theorists were the ones saying it really would matter, and they did so in the bold and fearless manner. … These herd immunity theorists were correct in predicting an “earlier than the mainstream is telling you” collapse in deaths and hospitalizations in the hard hit regions. And that is very much to their credit. You will note that part of their prediction or implied prediction was that past the herd immunity point cases should fall, not just deaths. Transmission just would not be very effective or speedy any more, so cases should be low whether or not people die in the hospitals or the hospitals can save them. I’ll be coming back to this. Then things started to go askew in the last few weeks.
The second is a guess about motives - there is a very specific contingent of covid truthers, Robin Hanson is one and this guy is another who aren't motivated to deny the danger of Coronavirus by the usual primitive libertarianism see Sam Bowman on this unfortunate trend. Instead, I think they need to rationalize why previous overly disastrous predictions didn't pan out. Lastly, I’ll talk about a connection between this mistake and the UK government’s bizarre schizophrenic approach to coronavirus, and why the Economist's new edition just said all of what I've said, but louder.
First, the truth (or half-truth, of the 'herd immunity theorists'). That blockquote from Tyler Cowen – was he right that there was an “earlier than the mainstream is telling you” collapse in deaths and hospitalizations in the hard-hit regions’?
It depends on what you mean by ‘mainstream’ predictions, but there are some examples of overly pessimistic estimates early on. Coronavirus truthers (people who claim that strict measures are unnecessary or that coronavirus cannot cause mass casualties) usually say obviously false or delusional things (like doing weird numerology with the excess death figures or claiming literally every test is biased in exactly the right way they need for covid to have a low fatality rate ). However, the are correct that things went much better than the worst early predictions expected. I noticed this a while ago here and wrote a long blog post about it
There are a few general reasons why those dire early predictions were wrong. The very worst predictions of coronavirus outcomes from early March (~0.5% of population dead) didn't pan out, as I explain here. Partial herd immunity is only one factor in this and, I don’t think the most important one.
First, some of the earliest data (hospitalisation rate estimated at 20% when its actually more like 2-3%) was overly pessimistic. Second, the importance of partial levels of herd immunity, enhanced by 'superspreaders' being more likely to become immune first, was overlooked in public science communication and messaging. It is important, though, that this was not overlooked by the best models (It was always modelled by e.g. Imperial College). Third, that there was no good way of predicting individual action in response to legally enforced lockdown measures, or absent such measures but with strong public awareness (e.g. Sweden), and in fact it turned out that people’s desire not to die was stronger than the pessimists expected. This is the Morituri Nolumus Mori thesis‘we who are about to die don’t want to’.
The first two were noticed and corrected for by the better ‘mainstream’ models as early as late March. Imperial College’s much-maligned Neil Ferguson (My brother is studying at Imperial College, I’m starting a PhD there, and I just found out that Van Morrison released a diss track aimed specifically at 'lying Imperial college scientists' – mad world) correctly predicted the decline of deaths in the UK in response to control measures (though actually underestimated total deaths because we didn’t realise how badly cases were undercounted) using a model that accounted for these ‘network effects’ and the corrected hospitalization rate.
What the ‘herd immunity theorists’ do is twist the first two of these corrections into extremity while ignoring the third – concluding that the entire reason we didn’t see extreme mass casualties in most of Europe is because of the full attainment of herd immunity, or because the virus was far less deadly than we thought, thus implicitly ignoring the MNM thesis. Needless to say with a second wave already well underway in Europe they now look silly, as Tyler Cowen points out, hence the bait-and-switch to talking about deaths instead of cases.
The role that voluntary behaviour played (third factor) was hard to predict in advance. Eventually it became clear that Sweden was pursuing a policy of ‘voluntary suppression’ with a slightly different tradeoff – economic damage slightly less than others, activity reduction slower and more chaotic, more deaths. This was essentially a collective choice by the Swedish people despite their government. So here is a lesson that really was (though completely understandably since it can’t really be predicted in advance) missed by the mainstream - behaviour change is quite large anyway (everyone understood that behaviour change was the final goal, but had to guess in advance how much effect lockdowns and other measures would have on behaviour, and guessed wrongly). These changes can come through legally enforced lockdowns, but legally enforced lockdowns add their effects onto whatever people were doing already, so it is simultaneously true that ‘lockdowns work’ in that they (by varying amounts depending on adherence) reduce R and that you can get better results in a country that didn’t lock down vs one that did because of other behavioural factors adding up to a greater effect (Sweden was slightly better off than the UK, though both did badly). In the extreme, you can find examples of lockdowns that didn’t work at all (like parts of the US) because they didn’t really exist
So, digression over, here’s the conclusion – yes, some public risk communication and some of the mainstream models didn’t account for partial levels of herd immunity. But, when we consider that the stronger-than-expected voluntary behaviour change wasn’t accounted for as well, and that the better mainstream models often did correctly predict collapses in deaths/hospitalisations, we realize there’s actually far fewer anomalies for the herd immunity theorists to explain, and when we also consider that there’s a second wave going on in Madrid and London (both with ~20% infected already), we can conclude they’re dogmatically wrong.
So, what’s the motive for the herd immunity theorists? Obviously, going into a potential second wave in Europe, lots of people are unhappy with lockdown policies and blame them for economic damage – given that the truth about lockdowns is that they matter less than naively expected both for how much of an economic hit occurs and for how much behaviour change occurs, and that the alternative is Sweden’s ‘voluntary suppression’, we realize that there is no real choice between ‘lockdown’ and ‘no lockdown’. People don’t want to die and won’t just carry on as normal no matter what you tell them. This shows up in the data overall – inverse correlation between deaths and economic damage. And if people, impossibly, did carry on as normal, that’s when you really would see 0.3% of your population dead (as happened in some small Italian towns). There’s only a choice, given that coronavirus has spread far enough to cause scary mass deaths, between a messy and uncoordinated ‘voluntary suppression’ and a coordinated suppression.
In Sweden, where the govt measures have been much lighter (and what Chris wants to emulate) people of all ages have ended up voluntarily distancing anyway which has meant no real economic benefit from lighter rules - Sweden did just as badly as its locked-down neighbours.
The ‘voluntary suppression’ is apparently slightly less horrible for the economy, kills somewhat more people and seems a strictly worse tradeoff overall. It’s not absolute carnage because it's not all that different from a lockdown. But it’s also true, as Tyler Cowen says, that many other things matter and the ‘herd immunity’ types are irrationally also against mitigation measures as well. Again, they are motivated by ‘primitive libertarianism’.
There is a temptation to say “few deaths, we don’t need lockdowns!” Indeed, the more partisan of the herd immunity theorists are obsessed with the lockdown issue. Lockdowns are important questions, but don’t let your lockdown views skew your interpretation of the numbers, and furthermore there are many other important Covid questions of interest.
As for what will actually happen – the superforecasters still think a European second wave worse than the first wave is very unlikely, about a 5% chance that there will be more than 4000 deaths per day on any day between now and March 2021. But herd immunity at low percentages clearly doesn’t protect you for long. 40% infected has occurred in some towns, so Herd Immunity doesn't protect you at that level if you're sufficiently incapable of reacting properly. 40% * 0.6% IFR * US population = 788 thousand dead. Chances of that are low, but it's definitely possible. The true ‘unmitigated spread’ scenario is more like a thought experiment than a real possibility at this point, and the 'second wave' is far smaller than the first so far.
What about the second point I was going to make? That ‘very specific contingent of covid truthers’, including Robin Hanson and this guy aren't motivated to deny the danger of coronavirus by the usual primitive libertarianism (see here), but instead by a need to rationalize the reason past overly disastrous predictions didn't pan out.
You can see me getting into an argument with Robin in the thread about his past mistakes here, which included predicting >10 Million world deaths and the complete failure of initial suppression measures (let alone long-term suppression). Also, see the ‘three million deaths’ comment by the other guy. I heard (and even believed) many similar dire predictions in early March.
Why not simply say, like I did, that we were wrong and leave it at that, why shoot off to the opposite extreme and claim that the virus never could have caused mass casualties and that we overreacted by trying to suppress its spread, when it seems like admitting an even larger mistake? I think I finally understand the psychology.
You can read Hanson’s blogpost, ‘Do you feel lucky, punk?’, which he wrote in mid-March and which confidently predicted an unmitigated spread in the entire western world, with millions dead, and linked this to his firmly held beliefs about western civilization’s inadequacy.
Dear Western citizen, your government has already demonstrated incompetence at dealing with this in the absence of public pressure, and public pressure will mainly push them to do what they guess they would be most blamed by the public for not doing if things go badly. Regardless of whether that actually works; the public may never learn what actually works.
This pandemic has already been allowed to get much bigger than any that has ever been squashed before, and it is harder to squash than most, passing via the air, living on surfaces for days, and with infected folks showing no symptoms for over a week. And in contrast to China, your government doesn’t have much recent experience with the mass surveillance, movement controls, and strict rule enforcement.
And yet now at this late date, you are considering if to authorize these same governments to oversee not just large efforts to flatten the curve, but the more extreme efforts required to squash it. Even knowing that to make it work you’ll need very strong public support in a far less-communal culture than those that have so far managed to squash.
Mind you, you are now considering this not because you have great confidence in your government’s competence, or your public’s support. But mostly, it seems, because it would look morally bad for you to give up hope on the millions who will die even if we flatten the curve well. Really, do you feel lucky, punk?
Now, he’s clearly partly right, and he’s clearly more than partly right when thinking about, for example, the United States. Things aren’t great, we’ve bungled the response in so many ways, Europe’s heading into a second wave, but as the superforecaster predictions made clear, this epidemic is not going to end with Europe or even the US attaining full herd immunity and losing percentage points of its population, which was what Hanson confidently expected in March. I go over a much longer laundry-list of failed predictions here.
The reason for this is, mostly, the sudden and abrupt policy and individual responses that suppressed coronavirus. But this isn’t good for the political/philosophical thesis that western societies are utterly inadequate, and thus another explanation needs to be found that ‘saves the theory’ that western society can’t do anything, which is why we have a contingent of libertarian-minded types engaging in ‘reverse wishful thinking’ – motivated reasoning that preserves the fundamental claim that government and collective individual action can’t achieve anything good and therefore that coronavirus could never have caused mass casualties, hence Hanson’s new ‘Yeah, we've overreacted to #covid19.’
Sam Bowman again:
But I also perceived libertarianism to be coming apart internally, as more and more libertarians seemed to be drifting towards nationalist, conspiratorial ways of thinking. More and more seemed to be utterly disgusted with the status quo in the developed world which, to my eyes, looked pretty good: a global liberal order that allowed for quite a lot of migration and free trade, and whose political disputes were usually managerial rather than revolutionary.
… Feel free to come and laugh at me if the European second wave actually is 3-5 times larger than the first wave, and Europe attains ~40% infected before vaccinations end this epidemic. I’m writing this now because I confidently expect that things aren’t going to get that bad before this epidemic is ended by other means.
One more thing – I still do not understand, at all, to any extent, what the UK’s scientific establishment was thinking between late February (when the IFR estimates of coronavirus were produced) and mid-March (when they, en masse, decided to forcefully advocate for aggressive suppression measures) or why they changed their minds. There’s a clip of Patrick Vallance, the UK’s chief scientific advisor, calmly stating on the news that he expects 60% of the population to be infected with a 1% IFR, which (though he doesn’t say it) is about 400,000 dead, and then he himself showed up a couple of days later demanding the government impose a lockdown because of the unacceptable cost in lives. Did everyone in the UK scientific establishment just forget how to multiply two numbers together for a couple of weeks? Was there a gut realization of just what 400,000 deaths meant as the disaster unfolded? My guess is that, once again, it was the MNM effect – they suddenly realized both that 400,000 dead really genuinely meant 400,000 dead and that people would do whatever it took to prevent that. This isn’t a great explanation - I am waiting for an official enquiry to shed light on this and hope we don’t repeat the same mistake of trying to half-ass this again.
In the time it took me to write this, The Economist's new weekly digital edition just arrived and made many of the same points that I have. They also included this excellent briefing with an attempt to forecast the total uncounted deaths due to coronavirus and this editorial.
On the Swedish model and tradeoffs:
One problem is the desire to escape a trade-off between shutting down to keep people alive and staying open so that life goes on. The right lauds Sweden for supposedly letting the virus rip while it makes a priority of the economy and liberty. But Sweden has a fatality rate of 58.1 per 100,000 and saw GDP fall by 8.3% in the second quarter alone, worse on both counts than Denmark, Finland and Norway. The left lauds New Zealand, which has shut down to save lives. It has suffered only 0.5 deaths per 100,000, but in the second quarter its economy shrank by 12.2%. By contrast, Taiwan remained more open but has seen 0.03 deaths per 100,000 and a 1.4% fall in GDP.
Blanket lockdowns like the new one in Israel are a sign that policy has failed. They are costly and unsustainable...
As much of Europe comes to terms with the fact that its initial lockdowns have not put an end to its problems, there is increased interest in the Swedish experience. Unlike most of Europe, Sweden never instigated a lockdown, preferring to rely on social distancing. This resulted in a very high death rate compared with that seen in its Nordic neighbours; 58.1 per 100,000, where the rate in Denmark is 11.1, in Finland 6.19 and in Norway 4.93. It is not clear that this high death rate bought Sweden any immediate economic advantage. Its GDP dropped in the second quarter in much the same way as GDPs did elsewhere.
It is possible that by accepting so many deaths upfront Sweden may see fewer of them in the future, for two reasons. One is the phenomenon known, in a rather macabre piece of jargon, as “harvesting”. Those most likely to succumb do so early on, reducing the number of deaths seen later. The other possibility is that Sweden will benefit from a level of herd immunity: once the number of presumably immune survivors in the population grows high enough, the spread of the disease slows down because encounters between the infected and the susceptible become rare. Avoiding lockdown may conceivably have helped with this.
On the other hand, one of the advantages of lockdowns was that they provided time not just for the development of test-and-trace systems but also for doctors to get better at curing the sick. In places with good health systems, getting covid-19 is less risky today than it was six months ago. ISARIC, which researches infectious diseases, has analysed the outcomes for 68,000 patients hospitalised with covid-19; their survival rate increased from 66% in March to 84% in August. The greatest relative gains have been made among the most elderly patients. Survival rates among British people 60 and over who needed intensive care have risen from 39% to 58%.
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2020.09.23 14:13 HaywardUCuddleme Valuation - Hiscox Ltd.

A Valuation of Hiscox Ltd on 23rd September 2020
Check it out and subscribe at https://thecontrariancapitalist.substack.com/p/valuation-hiscox-ltd
Hiscox is a general insurance, property and casualty insurance, and niche rare-event insurance company traded on the London Stock Exchange. While the firm is domiciled in Bermuda, they do most of their business across Western Europe and North America, and reports earnings in USD.
As such, I am valuing the company in USD and using a Dividend Discount Model. The core assumptions I have made for this valuation are:
  1. The firm’s D/E ratios are similar to the industry average of their business lines weighted by revenue.
  2. The dividends that the firm pays are a good proxy for Free-Cash Flows to the Equity holders.
  3. Total payouts include both dividends and buybacks.
Story
Following three years of successive heavy natural catastrophe losses, Hiscox has taken significant COVID gut-punches across their property, catastrophe, and casualty insurance divisions this year.
In addition, the FCA brought an expedited test case before UK courts on behalf of policyholders seeking clarity on the application of cover for business interruptions under a range of readings of some policies. The firm expects to book roughly £10-250M worth of costs from this. But, the firm has a strong history of insuring for profit rather than market share and is a global leader in low probability niches such as high-net-worth property and casualty insurance, kidnapping, and even hacking.
The expected hit and uncertainty from rare-events and COVID over the next few years offer an opportunity in the form of a contraction in risk-appetites across the entire insurance and reinsurance chain. This leads to an increased desire for rare-event insurance.
In order to capitalise on these opportunities and cover expected short-term losses and write-downs, the firm has cancelled its dividend and has completed an equity raise. This dry powder deployed over the next couple of years will help Hiscox to return to industry average profit levels and returns on equity, while increased climate-change-induced catastrophe frequency and loss, and business interruption claims, will drive capital risk across the business slightly higher.
Figure 1: Hiscox Ltd. - Summary Sheet - [CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE]
I have estimated the shares to be worth $13.65 each. Monte-Carlo simulation suggests that the shares have a 25th percentile value of $11.60 and a 75th percentile value of $13.23. The strong positive skew of the output value distribution is dragging the mean value above the median.
We should really think about the value being in the $11.60 - $13.23 range, with there being a decent number of positive tail outcomes.
The firm is currently doing an adequate job of maximising the intrinsic value of the shares. Their strategy of raise capital, reinvest aggressively and grow the business rapidly over the next few years is a value accretive path forward presuming they then shift strategy to payout a much larger proportion of their free cash flows.
Figure 2: TTM Stock Prices in USD at Current Exchange Rate - [CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE]
If you have any questions, feel free to post them in the comments below. If you find this interesting, please let me know and I will post more. Also, please consider subscribing to the newsletter (https://thecontrariancapitalist.substack.com/p/valuation-hiscox-ltd) so that you continue to receive these valuations even if I stop posting them to Reddit.
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2020.09.21 18:00 Joyffree Royal Line by Nana Malone and Carrie Ann Ryan

Royal Line by Nana Malone and Carrie Ann Ryan

https://preview.redd.it/hez7oli1dio51.png?width=880&format=png&auto=webp&s=ebbdea6671136d084bd48b85012a159cd0551eaf
Nana Malone and Carrie Ann Ryan have revealed the cover for Royal Line!
Releasing: May 11, 2021
Photographer: Wander Aguiar
Model: Kaz Vanderwaard
I never asked for my tiara. My dreams were always bigger than a palace. They're as big as the world. Being fourth in line for the throne should have guaranteed me freedom. I thought I was one step from walking away forever, but a long-forgotten rule forces me to run instead. I refuse to marry a Duke and bear an heir to save our titles. I trust my brothers to find a way to save my future, but first I need to save myself. Only I never expected to meet danger...and Kannon Adams along the way.
I never asked for her. My security business has secured all the clueless princess types I can handle. Princess London Waterford of Alden is a whole other level of trouble. Not to mention gorgeous and tempting as royal sin. Too bad she’s also in danger. When the bullets fly, I trust no one else to protect her, even if she pushes me away. Together, we must find who's behind the threat to her life and try not to get caught in the crossfire. One night together might never be enough, but if those who want her dead have a say, it’ll be our last.
Pre-order your copy today!
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Add to Goodreads: https://bit.ly/3hRz6Gu
Meet Nana
📷
Wall Street Journal & USA Today Bestselling author, Nana Malone writes Sexy Feel-Good Romance and loves all things romance and adventure.
That love started with a tattered romantic suspense she "borrowed" from her cousin. It was a sultry summer afternoon in Ghana, and Nana was a precocious thirteen. She's been in love with kick butt heroines ever since. With her overactive imagination, and channeling her inner Buffy, it was only a matter a time before she started creating her own characters.
Sign up for my VIP Reader List to find out when my next release is https://nanamaloneromance.net/newslette
Connect with Nana
Website: https://nanamaloneromance.net/
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2020.09.21 14:19 Fran-vergara 3D Environment Artist looking for work! Creating whole worlds from scratch.

3D Environment Artist looking for work! Creating whole worlds from scratch.
[Open to see portfolio] Hi everyone! I'm Fran, Environment artist / 3D Artist looking for projects! I'm based in London so I can work on-site or remote worldwide.
I create full scenarios bringing them to life.
· Portfolio: https://www.artstation.com/franvergara
I made everything from scratch. I have experience with 3D modeling, sculpting (hight to low poly) vegetation, worldbuilding and PBR Textures.
If you need someone with my skills send me a message and we can work together! :)
I speak English and Spanish and I have a film editor background www.FranVergara.com
Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Twitter: https://twitter.com/_FranVergara

https://preview.redd.it/01nfuyglsho51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=f46a6d2a06a0803f7fda307b43e0ad68729231e0

https://preview.redd.it/sz8tqey0tho51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=f99833ae2bd1864fedfab90b253f0a49c9f8e56b
Gameplay https://vimeo.com/457520961
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https://preview.redd.it/4kmds0j8tho51.jpg?width=3840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9a1594d419c8e68ec795a99ae85f20450944205c
Cinematic https://youtu.be/CowAKGV-_98

https://preview.redd.it/koq4zvb9tho51.jpg?width=3840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b62e4c3715ccf276c22472f75cb13109c815ba38

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Gameplay https://youtu.be/nrvQ67NOZtc

https://preview.redd.it/v2kqrj5ctho51.png?width=3840&format=png&auto=webp&s=09a6c881cd5321c4d91f35f105d18ed7fb95382e

https://preview.redd.it/s3s8kb7etho51.png?width=3840&format=png&auto=webp&s=799719b785c89f1417af445af39d7bd89408b892

https://preview.redd.it/dconnvbftho51.png?width=3840&format=png&auto=webp&s=c2b7cbc8cd322d81d95509a80a2ff9a33b169151

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submitted by Fran-vergara to gameDevClassifieds [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 04:43 redspider74 A GREAT story from author Samuel (Chip) Delany (Copied from his Facebook page)

A GREAT story from author Samuel (Chip) Delany (Copied from his Facebook page)
"One of the delightful accidents in my life happened in December 1973 when I flew to Heathrow to rejoin Marilyn, who had phoned me in New York and invited me to come over to London with the express purpose of having a baby. It didn't start well. Marilyn's business partner, John Sims, was perhaps the most socially awkward person I met in that city. Marilyn and John took me out to dinner, on the first night: Frankly I had a miserable time, and it wasn't the food. When we went home (to 21 Paddington St., across from and beside the two halves of Paddington Park, which, like Tomkins Square in New York, had once been a graveyard, though some of the markers were still visible among the grasses), probably we had an argument, and I went to bed wondering if this wasn't a mistake. I thought about going home and the only reason I didn't was that I couldn't afford it. Marilyn did, however, have some wonderful friends--Howard, Liz, and Judith Landry, a bookseller and his two wives (and four children), as well as Diana Senior, and her husband and partner, John Heathcote-Williams--and a book-runner in the KIng's Road Market where she and John had their rare-book business named Cyclops (he only had one eye and it had been his nickname since he was a kid and he was enough of a natural extrovert to enjoy it; in that city of very pale men and women he looked to be about my racial make-up, and he'd been raised in an orphanage), whom we eventually had for dinner and who couldn't have been more pleasant. As well we reconnected with an old friend from New York and Marilyn's days at NYU, now an art dealer, Victor Arwas. (He'd loaned Marilyn the money to start her business. And she'd paid him back.) These were all folks who came to dinner, along with Ann Lauterback, John and Marjorie Brunner, Ted Berrigan and Alice Notley, and Michael and Hilary Moorcock . . . I'd also brought Marilyn a present: some information I'd picked up from a poet I'd met at St. Marks back in Europe, Lewis White [?], the first poet I'd ever met who'd had poems I'd read in 𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘕𝘦𝘸 𝘠𝘰𝘳𝘬𝘦𝘳. How did you do it, I'd asked him. (He's the model for the poet Frank in 𝘋𝘩𝘢𝘭𝘨𝘳𝘦𝘯.) You have to submit, he said. But you have to submit a lot. Get yourself a package of index cards, a package of envelopes, and a card file. Make a list of all the places that publish poems, draft a 𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘺 short cover letter that states the names of the poems you're sending it. (Do 𝘯𝘰𝘵 tell them everywhere you've published before, he said.) Address and stamp half the envelopes to yourself. Then put three poems, the SASE envelope, and the (brief, brief, brief[!] cover letter) into five, six, or seven envelopes and start them going around. When they come back, he said, don't even read the rejection slips. Take them out of one envelope and put them in another, and send them out immediately. (If you can, he said, do it as soon as you wake up--and then have your breakfast. Mail them as soon as you leave for work.) Marilyn started following it, and by the end of the year she'd had poems published in every place in England you could have them appear, from 𝘈𝘮𝘣𝘪𝘵 to the TLS (𝘛𝘪𝘮𝘦𝘴 𝘓𝘪𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘳𝘺 𝘚𝘶𝘱𝘱𝘭𝘦𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵). I also gave myself a present: In the narrow four-story house in which we lived (in 21 Paddington St., beside Paddington Park), there was an Indian Restaurant on the ground floor, an African business office on the second floor, we lived on the third, and someone moved into the top floor shortly after we got there. Whoever it was brought a piano, and began to during the day. It was really beautiful music--and a couple of times I went upstairs and simply sat outside the door and listened. The second or third time I did so, I waited till player was almost finishing a piece. Then I stood up and knocked. The player came to the door and answered. "Excuse me," I told him. "I'm your downstairs neighbor. I just wanted to say, you play beautifully." "You really 𝘭𝘪𝘬𝘦 it . . .?" he said. "Yes, I really do. My name's Chip Delany and I live with my wife downstairs." "My name's Tim Curry," he said. "I'm an actor, actually. But I also compose . . ." Within the week Tim came down to dinner. A couple of weeks later, Marilyn and I went to see Tim in a show Upstairs at the Royal Court, where he had a very small part doing a black-out parody of Enoch Powell in a very forgettable part. A few months after that, I saw him on the stairs and asked him how things were coming. Yes, he had another part--this was in a play at the Kings Road Theater, just across the street, it turned out, from the sprawl of the Kings Road Market. Tim suggested we come to the second or third performance so that the show, which had rehearsed somewhere else, could settle into the space. I believe he even gave us the tickets. Marilyn and I went into the small auditorium that evening under the impression that his part was going to be comparable to the three- or four-minute cameo Tim had done in the first play in which we'd seen him. We noticed, as soon as we went into the theater, that a raised ramp had been built down the center from the back of the auditorium to the stage. Finally the lights went down and some characters named Janet and Brad come out on the stage and began to explain and sing their way through a wedding and a car ride to a lonely castle, most of which was in the mind. Soon they stepped onto the head of the ramp and in the rain knocked on the door of an imaginary castle and-- --a spotlight lanced to the back of the theater! And there was the mad, androgynous Dr. Frank N. Further, who sashayed forward to the stage, singing what was then the entrance number, "I'm a sweet transvestite, transexual from Transylvania!!!" The show did not let up its energy till it was over. Frankly, it was one of the best nights I'd had at a theater since Marilyn and Bob and I had gone to see "Things that Go Bump in the Night"! (Only 𝘵𝘩𝘪𝘴 was a musical!) When it was over we went back to congratulate Tim, who wanted us to come and meet the author, Richard O'Brian, who had (of course) played Rifraff: In the crowded dressing room, we said hello and told him how much we'd enjoyed it. And I got one of the nicest surprises of 𝘮𝘺 life. "You're Chip Delany--and Tim says you write science fiction. You don't have any connection to 𝘚𝘢𝘮𝘶𝘦𝘭 Delany, do you?" "Yes," I said. "Actually that's my real name." "Well!" said O'Brien. "I should tell you that I'm one of 𝘺𝘰𝘶𝘳 biggest fans." It was, as they say, a night to remember. Marilyn and I went home delighted that the play had been such a success. We were still living below Tim when, that summer, it was being filmed out in Elstree, and I remember meeting Tim on the way home from the underground station in Baker Street. His hair was still wet and stringy and he explained they'd been shooting a scene a swimming pool (which had, of course, 𝘯𝘰𝘵 been in the play) but O'Brian and Adler had agreed, since it was there, they might as well use it. I remember that was an evening of a balmy spring day in West-One . . ." -Samuel (Chip) Delany-
https://preview.redd.it/x91ftfvyyeo51.jpg?width=1771&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=986299b1de834a3e6b5bc226cbb98d46f9048d6f
submitted by redspider74 to rhps [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 23:45 Jonahex111 Google Earth Decoder

Google Earth Decoder
As everybody knows, 3d imagery in Bing Maps, which is available in MSFS, sucks in comparison with those in Google Earth/Maps, and thus a lot of people are trying to import to MSFS Google's 3d imagery. There is a tool for importing captures made in RenderDoc, written by Elie Michel. However, while it's ok for single-building import, it's highly fiddly to use it for import on the scale of parts of cities and whole cities: you need to manually capture small parts, mege them, there is no control over lods etc. Something better is needed.
Elie Michel finishes his original post with advice "Read Code!", however he himself failed to follow it in the case of Google Maps. But I've gone further and managed to make sense of obfuscated Google Maps code and craft the tool which downloads and decodes 3d imagery from it.
The tool consists of two parts:
  1. decoder.js: javascript module which downloads required data and saves models as .obj and textures as .dds. Node.js with xhr2 are required to run it. In order to download imagery you need just to specify at the end of the file output folder, box, limiting region to download from, and limiting lods, and run the code.
  2. importer.py: python script for Blender, which batch-converts donwloaded data to MSFS format (MSFSToolkit is still required), constructing lods to required level, and generate objects.xml with proper object positions.
Download it here or here
As an example I've created addon with 4 square kilometers of central London with 20 centimeters per texel resolution.
Download it here
P.S.: I know that code sucks, but I'm neither Javascript nor Python programmer.
submitted by Jonahex111 to FS2020Creation [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 06:18 secretymology Top 11 Ways COVID Numbers Were Artificially Increased To Justify Pandemic and Lockdowns.

Top 11 Ways COVID Numbers Were Artificially Increased To Justify Pandemic and Lockdowns.
  1. The Imperial College Death data that started it all - Neil Ferguson and Gates-funded Imperial College, London Model that ‘persuaded’ Johnson and Trump to lockdown. 500K in UK and 2.2m deaths in US, EVEN WITH LOCKDOWN. Less than 10% accuracy but 110% alarmist, and evidence that the coding was deliberately flawed and designed to inflate numbers. Gates funding everyone involved in the staged 'debacle'.
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8164121/Professor-predicted-500-000-Britons-die-coronavirus-accused-having-patchy-record.html
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2020/05/16/coding-led-lockdown-totally-unreliable-buggy-mess-say-experts/
2) Doctors globally openly being told they can save paperwork and earn money by basing cause of death on ASSUMPTION of COVID, based on the vaguest of pretexts and symptoms. Dying "of" vs "with" COVID
https://www.inquirer.com/health/coronavirus/coronavirus-covid19-cause-death-certificate-pcom-20200401.html
https://www.rollingstone.com/culture/culture-features/anti-vax-doctor-covid-19-death-certificates-984407/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tlGkCABfyLw
3) U.K. Health Secretary Matt Hancock calls for urgent review into coronavirus death data in England.
It follows confirmation from Public Health England that reported deaths may have included people who tested positive months before they died.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-53443724
Once the ’investigation’ concluded, 10% of the UK COVID deaths were removed in an instant.
Can anyone statistically ever recover from COVID?
https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/why-no-one-can-ever-recover-from-covid-19-in-england-a-statistical-anomaly/
4) The decimal game - case numbers merely made up or inflated by a factor of ten, in Florida’s case a few months ago. Details of the Florida 'mistake' are here:
https://www.dailywire.com/news/florida-labs-found-significantly-inflating-positive-covid-testing-rate
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ta7g8BgKAXE
Where else has this trick been used? Was Florida only exposed by professionals due to their refusal to perform a full lockdown?
5) Flu/ pneumonia and COVID conflation:
Pneumonia and flu deaths are suspiciously down.
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1113051/number-reported-deaths-from-covid-pneumonia-and-flu-us/

2020 - 6539 flu deaths in five months (Feb-July)

Compared with:

2019 Flu killed 34,157 - more than twice amount for a similar period of five months.
https://www.statista.com/statistics/1124915/flu-deaths-number-us/
https://off-guardian.org/2020/09/09/flu-is-killing-more-people-than-covid19-and-has-been-for-months/
6) DNR and care home/ nursing home murders by returning or placing COVID patients:
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8656957/NHS-told-care-homes-not-resuscitate-orders-residents-height-Covid-crisis.html
https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/aug/26/democrat-governors-sending-covid-patients-nursing-/
Also, more than 40% of US ‘virus‘ deaths occur in nursing homes:
https://thehill.com/homenews/news/504885-over-40-percent-of-us-covid-19-deaths-are-linked-to-nursing-homes-nyt
They needed those high fatality statistics initially, to justify the pandemic and lockdown measures.
7) Hospitals emptied in readiness for pandemic. Lucrative elective surgeries etc cancelled, hospitals losing money. Encouragement to ‘find‘ COVID cases to gain funding. Ventilators killing patients, but earning hospitals the big bucks.
Dr Scott Jensen:
https://needtoknow.news/2020/04/us-hospitals-get-paid-13k-to-list-patients-as-covid-19-and-39k-to-put-them-on-a-ventilato
All of the sudden, a clamour for them generated panic demand and buying.
“88% death rate among Covid-19 patients in the New York City area who had to be placed on mechanical devices to help them breathe.”
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-22/almost-9-in-10-covid-19-patients-on-ventilators-died-in-study
https://off-guardian.org/2020/05/06/covid19-are-ventilators-killing-people/
8) Recent US and UK stories where people clearly dying of other things - cancer, suicide, motorcycle accidents etc are ascribed to COVID. Children disputing cause of death of parent. Officially, George Floyd’s death should have been ascribed to COVID, since I believe he tested positive during autopsy. Might have led to a very different world...
https://cbs12.com/news/local/i-team-deaths-incorrectly-attributed-to-covid-19-in-palm-beach-county
https://cbs12.com/news/local/man-who-died-in-motorcycle-crash-counted-as-covid-19-death-in-florida-report
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/george-floyd-death-autopsy-coronavirus-protests-a9548386.html
HighImpactFlix video about case number “massage” and motorcycle anomalies:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=olz03OPeijM&feature=youtu.be
CDC: 94% of Covid-19 deaths had underlying medical conditions
https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/cdc-94percent-of-covid-19-deaths-had-underlying-medical-conditions/ar-BB18wrA7
9) Recent US and UK stories of the deceitful practices by which the COVID death were conflated with all death numbers on certain days and backlog of death statistics released to imply increases in deaths after quiet fatality periods.
10) Casedemic due to increased testing - cases being reported and subliminally conflated with deaths by the media, when death numbers fell too low to keep the public sufficiently terrified to accept coming measures
https://swprs.org/covid-just-a-casedemic/
The good news is that increased cases and consistently low fatalities demonstrates the pandemic slowed in June and is now definitively over. We can all go back to normal now.
11) Testing anomalies - false positives, false negatives, inconsistencies between tests etc
Half of CDC Coronavirus Test Kits Are Inaccurate, Study Finds.
”The study... found that the testing kits gave a 30 percent false-positive rate and a 20 percent false-negative rate.”https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/half-of-cdc-coronavirus-test-kits-are-inaccurate-study-finds/ar-BB16S6M6
“According to the creator of the PCR test, Kary Mullis himself, it cannot be totally and should never be used as a tool in “the diagnosis of infectious diseases.”
https://www.weblyf.com/2020/05/coronavirus-the-truth-about-pcr-test-kit-from-the-inventor-and-other-experts/
Tanzania scandal and the goat/ papaya ‘positive‘ testing (they had to put in the religious dig as a debunking attempt here, didn’t they?):
https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-tanzania-testing-kits-questioned-after-goat-and-papaya-test-positive-11982864
Also, this about CT testing irregularities:
https://www.thewesterlysun.com/news/covid-19/connecticut-says-it-found-testing-flaw-90-false-positives/article_91811362-a9b3-53ab-9485-00067ce9e0d5.html
Bonus No.12) CFR vs IFR
In the media, it is often the “case fatality rate” that is talked about when the risk of death from COVID-19 is discussed. This measure is sometimes called case fatality risk or case fatality ratio, or CFR.
But this is not the same as the risk of death for an infected person (IFR) – even though, unfortunately, journalists often suggest that it is. It is relevant and important, but far from the whole story.
“The 1% conundrum: How a simple but flawed math prediction by US Covid-19 experts caused the world to panic and order lockdowns“:
https://www.rt.com/op-ed/500000-covid19-math-mistake-panic/
Funny how practically all the “mistakes” err on the side of positive...
This list was mostly from memory. I will add entries and references as they occur to me. There are many, many more statistical gymnastricks I’ve overlooked.
Please add yours in the comments. Let’s create a comprehensive list to bombard the doomers. Time is of the essence now.
Thank you for reading.
submitted by secretymology to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 13:54 Fran-vergara FOR HIRE - 3D Environment Artist / 3D Generalist / Modeler

FOR HIRE - 3D Environment Artist / 3D Generalist / Modeler

https://preview.redd.it/iq590586e3o51.png?width=2048&format=png&auto=webp&s=5f42634d58f0abec41a52060bc1849b69b503397
Hi everyone! I'm Fran, Environment artist / 3D Artist looking for projects! I'm based in London so I can work on-site or remote worldwide.
I create full scenarios bringing them to life.
· Portfolio: https://www.artstation.com/franvergara
I made everything from scratch. I have experience with 3D modeling, sculpting (hight to low poly) vegetation, worldbuilding and PBR Textures.
If you need someone with my skills send me a message and we can work together! :)
I speak English and Spanish and I have a film editor background www.FranVergara.com
Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

https://preview.redd.it/a1hssnbfe3o51.jpg?width=3840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e65dcb6c2d74596154c876b75727ce48ec9c182d

https://preview.redd.it/iocl0n7rhho51.jpg?width=3840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8352fdccc1aa3043cbdd2b03ef15943caf766eb2

https://preview.redd.it/elojmbrshho51.png?width=3840&format=png&auto=webp&s=d5b779c312fb0eceb2bc4686d425e54b349949f9
submitted by Fran-vergara to gameDevClassifieds [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 10:51 Yularen2077 Mosley's UK

I was having trouble picking what to post next, so I thought I might as well do a player-only path (if not the only): that of PM Oswald Mosley. It's not really secret or hard to get or anything, but the AI will NEVER pick this path, only you as the player can. It is an 'Easter egg' and an only for 'fun' path, as the rest of the game does not take the path into account so bugs should be expected. When hovering over the first focus it tells you as much.
I know this has been covered before in a teaser and in Part I and Part II of the UK Dev Diaries, but below you can also see some other focus events and associated ones too.
Intro
After George VI dies, PM Clement Attlee will call an early election, and a few weeks later you will be able to choose who wins the election. If the player picks the Union Movement, Oswald Mosley will become the new PM. Shortly thereafter marches, protests, and riots start to break out, with one exceptional one outside of Westminster.
Reforms
The next part of the tree deals with reforms that the new Union government wants to introduce. When dealing with the first reform, you will see a message that warns you to beware reforming too much in this, and the succeeding proposals. Honestly though, if you pick the right option at the end of the tree, I don't think what you pick really matters. Maybe in a future update or something it will. You'll see why in the next part.
  1. Repealing the Public Order Act (of 1936) which, among other things, prohibited the wearing of political uniforms.
  2. Nationalizing the Bank of England.
  3. Abolition of Income Tax
  4. Reforming the House of Lords: Abolishing it outright, reforming it to a 'model parliament,' or just leave it alone.
Speech Location
At the bottom of the tree you get a choice as to were to hold a speech: In the streets of London or from a studio. Choosing to have the speech in the safety of a studio, Mosley will be able to fulfill his goal of an isolationist UK and will eventually leave the Toronto Accord (TA). With the UK's turnaround on TA and the world, (at least) Canada and New Zealand will leave the Commonwealth. I'm sure other Commonwealth members may leave to but it did not happen. Also while you get an event they leave, they don't actually lose the national spirit being a member. But bugs should be expected so...
If instead you choose to be a man of the people and hold the speech out in the streets, well lets just say it does not end well for Mosley. He gets shot and killed and his deputy Jeffery Hamm is sworn in as the new PM.
To the best of my knowledge, as long as you choose the studio, Mosley will not die. He always dies when in the streets. Even if you did not push through a single reform, he will be shot no matter what.
Queen's Coup
With Mosley dead and Hamm in charge, clashes are breaking out across the UK as left and right fight it out in the streets. Queen Elizabeth, exercising her most ancient and royal prerogative, decides to settle the political issues once and for all. There in lies the Queen's coup, arresting the government and suspending parliament. The Queen becomes the new leader under the 'House of Windsor' (Paternal Autocrat). You get a small tree that deals with the unrest in the country, and shortly after she appoints Earl Mountbatten (her husband's uncle) as a temporary PM. He will oversee new elections, which can see either Labor returning to the Premiership under Hugh Gaitskell, or the Conservatives under Rab Butler.
There you have it. Mosley's UK will either end up back under a Labor or Conservative Government with the Union movement arrested and Mosley dead, or with Mosley at the helm of an isolationist UK.
Hope you liked it! If anyone has suggestions of what you'd like to see next please do! I like to do harder to get paths so players can see how to get them,... ie. the US Military Coup, the Dai Li Coup... or a path/event chain I liked, but honestly I don't know what to do next.
I certainly want to do a LDP Japan for example (which I am having the hardest time getting. I'm not sure it is even possible atm. Has anyone gotten it? If anyone knows how please, please let me know! TYIA!
And a thank you again to the devs for all your hard work on TWR. Can't wait for what's to come!
submitted by Yularen2077 to twrmod [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:50 MansA18Sepl H-ot Ga-y Male Se-x

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submitted by MansA18Sepl to u/MansA18Sepl [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 22:52 DilCoin Dil Coin. Secure & Value Coin 4 all.

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submitted by DilCoin to u/DilCoin [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 16:04 ExtraEgg Wanna Play $TSLA but no Money? $VALE

Wanna Play $TSLA but no Money? $VALE
Wanna Play $TSLA but no Money? $VALE
TLDR: $TSLA is likely partnering with $VALE to produce the insane quantity of Nickel needed to make Tesla’s vehicles, this is almost certainly happening for the following reasons…
READ FULL BEST DD ON WSB
  • $VALE is the largest nickel producer in the entire world, with Tesla constantly calling for more Nickel production the partnership potential for these two companies is a match made in heaven.
  • $VALE notified creditors on September 14th that it was paying off it’s $5 billion debt, suggesting a large deal leveling them an insane amount of capital.
  • $VALE’s trading volume is up 37% from it’s average and has bullish whale activity in the options chain.
  • Earlier this month, $VALE announced that they would be paying an extra dividend, on top of their regularly scheduled dividend, reinforcing the thesis of a strong balance sheet
  • Tesla and $VALE already have a history of being bidirectional business partners for over a year.
  • Conservative estimates reveal Tesla's growth plan leaves $VALE’s competitors ill equipped to deal with the demand for nickel Tesla needs to produce it's vehicles within five years.
>>>TESLA NEEDS NICKEL<<<
If there is one to take away from this post, it is the fact that Tesla vehicles need nickel and insane quantities of it. No one is better equipped to supply nickel to Tesla than $VALE. During Tesla’s Q2 earnings call, Elon painstakingly laid out how badly they were looking for a nickel producer.
“Well, I’d just like to re-emphasize, any mining companies out there, please mine more nickel. Okay. Wherever you are in the world, please mine more nickel and don’t wait for nickel to go back to some long — some high point that you experienced some five years ago, whatever. Go for efficiency, obviously environmentally-friendly nickel mining at high volume. Tesla will give you a giant contract for a long period of time, if you mine nickel efficiently and in an environmentally-sensitive way. So hopefully this message goes out to all mining companies. Please get nickel.”
>>>THE STARS ALIGNED<<<
The following points are largely circumstantial evidence, however when stacked together create an extremely powerful narrative and points toward the extreme likelihood of $VALE actually having lined up a revolutionary deal with Tesla.
Quotes from Tesla Q2 2020 Earnings Call
“There’s so much to be excited about. It’s really hard to kind of fit into this call, but the sheer amount of hardcore engineering, especially on the autonomy and the manufacturing/engineering front is mind-blowing. And then of course there’s Battery Day, which is coming up pretty soon. And I think that’s really going to surprise people by just how much there is to see.”-Elon Musk
“Yeah. The real limitation on Tesla growth is cell production at affordable price. That’s the real limit. So that’s where — we’re going to talk about — a lot more about this on Battery Day because this is a fundamental scaling constraint. And any part of that supply chain or processing at the cell level will be a limiting factor. So whatever it may be, anywhere from mining to refining — there’s many steps from refining to cathode and anode, cell formation. Whatever the choke point is, that will set the growth rate. And so we expect to expand our business with Panasonic, with CATL, with LG, possibly with others, and there’s a lot more to say on that front on Battery Day.”-Elon Musk
“Well, I’d just like to re-emphasize, any mining companies out there, please mine more nickel. Okay. Wherever you are in the world, please mine more nickel and don’t wait for nickel to go back to some long — some high point that you experienced some five years ago, whatever. Go for efficiency, obviously environmentally-friendly nickel mining at high volume. Tesla will give you a giant contract for a long period of time, if you mine nickel efficiently and in an environmentally-sensitive way. So hopefully this message goes out to all mining companies. Please get nickel.”-Elon Musk
“Like the thing that bugs me the most about where we are right now is that our cars are not affordable enough. We need to fix that. So we’re all making progress in that regard, just sort of steadily gaining progress. So yeah, we need to not go bankrupt, obviously. That’s important, because then we’ll fail in our mission. But we’re not trying to be super profitable either, obviously, profitability is like 1% or something, just 1% or 2%. It’s not crazy. Last quarter, it was only like 0.1%. So we want to be profitable. Like I think just we want to be like slightly profitable and maximize growth, and make the cars as affordable as possible, and that’s what we’re trying to achieve.”-Elon Musk

Battery Breakdown
Battery Breakdown
Philippe Houchois — Jefferies — Analyst
“Yes, good afternoon. Thank you. You mentioned a few times about the constraint to growth is battery capacity still. And I was hoping you could clarify the scope of the Berlin plant you’re building right now. Will there be — the battery capacity consistent with the amount of assembly volume you expect to come out of Berlin? And if not, will you be able to source your battery requirements out of Europe? Will you have to import batteries from outside Europe to ensure production in Berlin?
Elon Musk — Chief Executive Officer
Okay. We can’t say too much about this, except that there will be local cell production, and that will serve the needs of the Berlin factory. Drew, is there anything…?”(TeslaRati by Joey Klender)
$VALE mines nickel in Brazil, Canada, Indonesia and New Caledonia making it the LARGEST producer of nickel. VALE has joint-venture refineries in China, South Korea, Japan, the UK and Taiwan. These locations will help deliver nickel to the Tesla factories in North America, Berlin and China.
Future Nickel Demand
According To Tesla CEO Elon Musk, This Metal is The New Gold
The demand and future of nickel will continue to grow for the foreseeable future. Electric vehicles and other modern technology NEED nickel to function.
“With demand expected to increase from 2.2 million metric tons to somewhere in the range of 3.5 million to 4.0 million metric tons by 2030, the nickel market could become constrained.”-McKinsey and Company By Marcelo Azevedo, Nicolas Goffaux, and Ken Hoffman

Nickel Demand
Nickel Demand
Elon Musk’s Emphasis on “Environmentally Friendly”
During the call and clip that was hyperlinked above, Elon emphasizes the demand for an “environmentally friendly” mine. Historically, we all know mines have run into trouble with being friendly toward the environment. Today more than ever, a company's concern for the environment must be vocally expressed and physically acknowledged. If not, the reporters and media will bash Tesla for not being environmentally sensitive. Elon Musk understands this and is aware that the nickel company Tesla chooses must at least appear as if they are environmentally “sensitive". Vale’s website has information on how they are sustainable and conscious of the controversies surrounding the mining industry.
“Given Tesla’s focus on sustainability, the company is likely to prefer to buy from miners of higher-grade nickel sulphide, which requires less power to process than laterite ore, said Lachlan Shaw of National Australia Bank.”-Reuters, Yilei Sun, Melanie Burton“There are three key suppliers - Brazil's Vale VALE3.SA, which operates in Canada using some hydropower, Russia's Norilsk Nickel GMKN.MM and BHP Group's operations BHP.AX in Western Australia. "Vale is in the box seat," he said.”-Reuters, Yilei Sun, Melanie Burton
Just the appearance and attempt to be environmental is enough to scare away most journalists who are looking to make a hit piece on Tesla. To wrap it up, Vale has the efficient, sustainable, and environmental mining that Elon Musk is looking for.

Stock Fundamentals and Technicals
$VALE Average Volume: 27,756,238
9/15/2020 volume: 44,035,430
This is a 37% increase in Volume compared to the average volume.
Current P/E of 50.53, Forward P/E of 5.22
Annual Yield 6.06% Ex date 9/22/2020 Pay date 10/07/2020
Extra Dividend of 1.63% Ex date 9/22/2020 Pay date 10/07/2020
Hedge Funds who own $VALE
Bill Ackman: Pershing Square Capital Management
Carl Icahn: Icahn Carl C
Warren Buffet: Berkshire Hathaway/Dividend Stock Portfolio
George Soros: Soros Fund Management
Laurence D. Fink: Blackrock Inc.
etc...
“A study of analyst recommendations at the major brokerages shows that Vale SA (NYSE:VALE) is the #11 broker analyst pick, on average, out of the 50 stocks making up the Metals Channel Global Mining Titans Index, according to Metals Channel. The Metals Channel Global Mining Titans Index is comprised of the top fifty global leaders from the metals and mining sector.” (Metals channel staff)
Whale Activity
FlowAlgo of VALE and Volume/OI below in the green box

Bullish FlowAlgo



Volume and Open interest on far right
***Technicals:***
Monthly signals: Buy
Simple Exponential
MA(5) Buy Buy
MA(10)Buy Buy
MA(20)Buy Buy
MA(50)Buy Buy
MA(100)Buy Sell
MA(200)Sell Sell
9 buys 3 sells
RSI(14)Neutral(52.393)
STOCH(9,6): Neutral
STOCHRSI(14)Overbought
MACD(12,26)Sell
CCI(14)Neutral
Weekly Signals: Strong Buy
Simple Exponential
MA(5) Buy Buy
MA(10)Buy Buy
MA(20)Buy Buy
MA(50)Buy Buy
MA(100)Buy Buy
MA(200)Buy Buy
12 buy 0 sell
RSI(14) Buy (60.683)
STOCH(9,6):Buy (61.174)
STOCHRSI(14)Overbought
MACD(12,26) Buy
CCI(14)Buy
Daily Signals: Strong Buy
Simple Exponential
MA(5) Buy Buy
MA(10)Buy Buy
MA(20)Buy Buy
MA(50)Buy Buy
MA(100)Buy Buy
MA(200)Buy Buy
12 buy 0 sell
RSI(14) Buy (58.562)
STOCH(9,6) Neutral
STOCHRSI(14) Overbought
MACD(12,26) Buy
CCI(14)Overbought

News Doesn't Care About Technical Analysis
No matter how good the TA setup is for $VALE, news does not give a FUCK about TA. If it has a catalyst to moon... moon it will.
Cash Flow
The increasing and regular cash flow has built a very strong balance sheet for VALE and the consistent high yield will keep the loyal investors around. In addition to this year's regular dividend, $VALE is paying investors an extra dividend of 1.63% on the same day as the regular. According to research firms such as CFRA, the management team has been very active and engaged to keep the company moving in the right direction despite COVID-19 setbacks and a decrease in steel demand.

Balance Sheet
Competition
$HNCKF (Giga Metals corp) a competing mining company fell 18.84% today after being in the news about potentially being a candidate for Tesla’s nickel demand. Currently, at a conservative rate, Giga’s mine would stop being able to satisfy Tesla’s Nickel needs by 2025, assuming they would be able to begin mining operations immediately. On the other hand, yesterday (Sept. 16), Vale announced that they had created buffers to reach production of 400 million metric tons of total mineral mining per year in a filing that was part of an investor tour presentation. Nickel is one of the five metals Vale mines.


Competition
I'll scratch your back if you scratch mine
Tesla and Vale already have a bidirectional relationship that GM and NKLA could never even dream of. Tesla and Vale have a history of working together. In March, “Antonin Beurrier, CEO of Vale-NC and Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, signed a contract, an offtake agreement for the delivery of intermediate mixed nickel and refined cobalt (Nickel Hydroxide Cake-NHC) produced in New Caledonia. The product will become part of Tesla’s battery composition. The purchased volume remains confidential.”-Tesmanian by Eva Fox (original french source). Tesla and Vale have already signed a confidential contract in regards to Tesla’s battery composition materials needed.
In 2019, Tesla hired an Engineer from Vale-NC to “facilitate procurement and familiarization with the products of the Caledonian plant”
"Tesla has recruited an engineer in a nickel-cobalt refinery in New Caledonia, that of Vale, in order to facilitate purchases for its large European electric vehicle factory in Berlin."
Vale using Tesla’s Lithium batteries at Guaiba iron ore port
“Iron ore miner Vale is installing a Tesla battery energy storage system at Ilha Guaiba terminal in Rio de Janeiro state to help meet power needs at the port as it moves toward energy saving technology.”-London
The project will substitute 20% of the facility's power costs using Tesla manufactured lithium-ion batteries with technology contributing to decarbonization plans, Vale said in an Aug. 24 statement.”-London
Tesla’s technology is being used to lower costs at Vale’s iron ore and to contribute to the “decarbonization plans”. If you remember in the Q2 conference call, Elon Musk was searching for environmental and efficient nickel. Vale has that now thanks to Tesla's battery technology.
More Vale environmentalism
‘Vale recently announced investments of over $2 billion to reduce direct and indirect carbon dioxide emissions by 33% until 2030, in accordance with the Paris Agreement. Vale said it intends to become carbon neutral by 2050.”
"As Vale continues to decarbonize its operations, the use of batteries will become an increasingly important part of the electrification of our fleet," Vale's energy director Ricardo Mendes said in the statement.
"This project allows us to test new technology in the field and accelerate Vale's energy transformation, which aims to achieve self-sufficiency by increasing electric power generation mainly through solar and wind sources in addition to our hydroelectric power generation,"-London

https://preview.redd.it/lg8lcg138wn51.png?width=590&format=png&auto=webp&s=5f1d75e91029855f98c43f6f617a25e747dfc011
Guess who has a large nickel mine in Indonesia, $VALE
Pricing and Math
After calculating a very conservative estimate of how much nickel Tesla would be needing in the future, these were the results… (see figure below)
With a conservative estimate of a $43 billion dollar contract, $43 billion minus the operating margin (38%)= $16.5 billion. This gives the stock 28% upside. The price target for $VALE is $15.36 with a 5% variance giving a low at $14.80 and a high of $16.00 Not to mention the stock market acts very irrational in times of hype, the stock could very well overreact to $20+CFRA’s current 12 month price target for VALE is $15.00, whom most likely have not anticipated Tesla news. (If they get the news, this thing will FLY based on what we have seen this year)
Elon Musk stated that Tesla “will give you a giant contract for a long period of time

Conservative nickel projections

This is not taking into account that the price of nickel is lagging in comparison to its current and future demand. Current nickel price as of 9/16/20: $15,229.50 per ton

Nickel Price: $15,229.50 per ton
Once the demand for nickel goes up and the supply grows scarce, that's easy economics theory, nickel price goes up.
The Plot Thickens
Put on your tinfoil hats for this one…
Elon Musk has a history of hiding stuff in his tweets.


https://preview.redd.it/cg0cdgbk8wn51.png?width=2874&format=png&auto=webp&s=2d2ce4935ee743b66bebaf5234a07ea451a991e6
We remember this one. He had called out that Tesla stock was too high at a pre split price of $750
  • The timestamp 8:11 signaled calendar date 8/11
  • The date of posting May 1st turned into 5/1
  • “Tesla stock price is too high imo” signaled that a stock split was imminent
What happened, on 8/11 Tesla announced a 5/1 stock split

https://preview.redd.it/twv8ll8o8wn51.png?width=487&format=png&auto=webp&s=82b5c5810199912052728f3f71a3b282e3015fdd
Elon Musk has had a rough history with the SEC whom he outspokenly does not respect. This tweet was deciphered to read “Suck Elon’s Cock”


https://preview.redd.it/j5jcgd7r8wn51.jpg?width=984&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9b9c77833dc918b0468b7efda79562ebc3e5660d
The Tesla short shorts represented the current Tesla models,
  • Model S
  • Model 3
  • Model X
  • Model Y
Elon expressing his lack of respect for the SEC and nobody is perfect

https://reddit.com/link/iuk3h0/video/moea3oqt8wn51/player
Reporter: “But how do they know if it is going to move the market if they are not reading all of them?”
Elon Musk: “I guess we might make some mistakes, who knows?”
Reporter: “Are you serious?”
Elon Musk: “Nobody's perfect”
Now let’s break down the battery day tweet

https://preview.redd.it/rujh3x609wn51.png?width=603&format=png&auto=webp&s=74f49f2c3cf5b58a2c7b062d385f1c84ce2962ae
  • The tweet was tweeted on the same day as $VALE’s dividend announcement (9/11)
  • Battery day is on the same day $VALE’s ex date for the regular and extra dividend (9/22)
  • “Many exciting things will be unveiled on Battery Day”
UNVEILED = unVEILed = VEIL = $VALE

VALE GANG

I rest my case
Positions
VALE 9/25 $12.00c
VALE 9/25 $13.00c
VALE 1/15/2021 $12.00c

$VALE GANG

EDIT: formatting, GIGA Metals is down 11%
EDIT 2: I'm not fucking selling. Either we moon to Valehalla or the captain goes down with his ship.
disclaimer: none of this is financial advice, this is for educational and entertainment purposes only. nothing in this post should be construed as financial advice or a recommendation to buy or sell any sort of security or investment.
submitted by ExtraEgg to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 11:13 raypettymeccanica Ducati Specialists London

Ducati Specialists London
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https://preview.redd.it/inx1w8o0don51.jpg?width=768&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=72fca3cf96497d3c57f0a194cd57eaff500f4bd8
submitted by raypettymeccanica to u/raypettymeccanica [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 23:41 kjonesatjaagnet Quantum Computing: UK & I - Inaugural €10,000 Hartree Centre & Atos Joseph Fourier Prize Launched

Quantum Computing: UK & I - Inaugural €10,000 Hartree Centre & Atos Joseph Fourier Prize Launched

Image: Michael Dziedic - Unsplash
London, 16 September 2020 – Atos, a global leader in digital transformation, together with the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) Hartree Centre this week launch a new UK and Ireland competition aimed at supporting innovative work in the field of quantum computing.
In encouraging researchers, academics and industrial scientists to submit their own research project it is hoped the cash prize will help sustain and generate momentum in this area of significant potential.
The competition is open for three months with a submission deadline of 7 December 2020. The winning applicant will be announced on 21 February 2021 and will receive €10,000, while second and third prize will receive 3 days access to the Atos Quantum Learning Machine at the STFC Hartree Centre, which can be used for developing quantum algorithms.
Clay Van Doren, CEO, Atos UK and Ireland, said: “We believe this to be the first such competition in the UK which supports and celebrates researchers’ own work rather than answering a set challenge thereby fostering live research. In order to stay at the forefront of quantum innovation and competiveness, UK public organisations and enterprises need to understand how to harness this emerging technology effectively. We hope this prize can be a springboard for quantum research and ultimately, collective competitiveness.”
Michael Gleaves, Deputy Director, STFC Hartree Centre, said: “We are on the cusp of a quantum revolution and at this crucial stage it is vitally important we encourage and promote the excellent work in helping apply theory to practical quantum computing use. We are pleased to partner with Atos and play a central role in the judging for prospective winSTFCners of this prize.”
The Atos Digital Society programme explores the real-world impacts of technology across themes including innovation, the ethics of AI and the future of skills.
About Atos
Atos is a global leader in digital transformation with 110,000 employees in 73 countries and annual revenue of € 12 billion. European number one in Cloud, Cybersecurity and High-Performance Computing, the Group provides end-to-end Orchestrated Hybrid Cloud, Big Data, Business Applications and Digital Workplace solutions. The Group is the Worldwide Information Technology Partner for the Olympic & Paralympic Games and operates under the brands Atos, AtosSyntel, and Unify. Atos is a SE (Societas Europaea), listed on the CAC40 Paris stock index.
Originally published by Doug Black September 16, 2020 inside HPC
submitted by kjonesatjaagnet to JAAGNet [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 09:41 IntoTheDisneyverse The Complete(ish) Disney Family Tree

The Complete(ish) Disney Family Tree
Ok, so I’ve enjoyed mapping fictional family trees for ages, and I was really annoyed that there was nothing on a complete Disney family tree that linked all or most of the worlds together. So I started digging to see what I could find on the matter. There were quite a few fragmented theories, but nothing as complete as I’d like. So I decided to take matters into my own hands. I knew that it would be almost impossible to link every single Disney movie, partially because of all the anthropomorphic stuff. Mine is definitely not complete, and not canon either, so you can believe what you want. But this is my family tree, and what I believe to be true, so here you go.
So let’s start at the top, in the universe of Hercules. Hercules is based on Greek mythology, but much of the complicated family tree is NOT Disney canon. The only part actually acknowledged by Disney is the fact that Zeus, Poseidon and Hades are brothers, so we can assume that their parents are the same as in mythology, Cronus and Rhea.
So, in Greek mythology, Hera was also a child of Cronus and Rhea, but this is not acknowledged in Hercules, so we can assume that Zeus and Hera are just husband and wife. So let’s go down the Zeus branch first.

https://preview.redd.it/253zq1vjngn51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f48d8810db2498c9e6c1d10557bc69e384a4eb43
Now, we all know that Hera and Zeus had Hercules, and that Wonderboy went on to marry the witty and beautiful Megara. And just before we continue, a note that I am considering Descendants (both books and movies) as canon. So in the Descendants book Return to the Isle of the Lost, the character Herkie is mentioned as the son of Hercules and Meg. But on top of that, there was going to be a Hercules sequel called Hebe, but sadly it was cancelled. It would focus on Hebe, daughter of Meg and Herc, and even though she never appeared on the big screen, I’m counting her as canon. Disney invented her, so I say she deserves a place on the tree.
That’s the end of Zeus’s branch.

https://preview.redd.it/da2sim9sngn51.jpg?width=568&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=424eadd591e9411932984707f4e19ffbba779438
Now we’re getting a bit more complicated. Now, in both Greek mythology and Disney canon, Poseidon and the goddess Amphitrite are married.
And, in mythology, they have a son, named Triton. Now, there is a Disney character named Triton, so I doubt this is a coincidence. King Triton, as revealed in Ariel’s Beginning, was married to Queen Athena (separate from the goddess in Disney canon).

https://preview.redd.it/gxexmgrzngn51.jpg?width=300&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=12f2524eaec28f1f37d08363c05d95ffa0370f0a
And of course, they go on to have seven daughters, from eldest to youngest Attina, Alana, Adella, Aquata, Arista, Andrina and of course, Ariel.

https://preview.redd.it/qjl94q32ogn51.jpg?width=600&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=dcb8dc2321826d65f6f1157c1246a921cef0ce69
In a comic called The Underwater Wedding, Attina marries an unknown prince from a faraway kingdom, but I have been unable to find anything on him, so I am not including him in this family tree. But there is a girl mentioned in Rise of the Isle of the Lost, named Arabella. Her signature colour is lavender, and she is described as the niece of Ariel. The colour that she is associated with points to either Alana or Andrina as her mother and Arabella is very concerned with her looks, much like Alana. This means that Alana is probably the mother of Arabella. And now to another matter.
Before we look at Ariel, we should look at her aunts. Yes, Ariel has two aunts, Ursula and Morgana. In earlier drafts of The Little Mermaid, Ursula was going to be Triton’s sister, but this point was not included in the final movie. There is a clue, however, that points to the fact that Ursula and Triton are still siblings, just before the song Poor Unfortunate Souls. Ursula says “In my day, we had fantastical feasts, when I lived in the palace.”. And why would she live in the palace unless she was Triton’s sister? And we are introduced to Morgana in The Little Mermaid: Return To The Sea. She is Ursula’s, and by extension Triton’s, sister. But we still aren’t done. Because Ursula has a daughter. Uma.
Uma is introduced in Descendants 2 as the daughter of Ursula. But the movie says nothing about her father. So here’s my belief on her father. So, what do we know?
One, her father must be a villain, because she was conceived on the Isle. Two, he must be human, because she has a human form and her mother is an octopus. Three, her father must be black, or face it, she wouldn’t look the way she does. Only one candidate fits all three criteria: Dr Facilier.
But Dr Facilier has two other children, Celia and Freddie. I have not been able to find a theory on their mother, so there you go.
So there are Ariel’s cousins, so let’s get back to her. She married Prince Eric, and they had a daughter, Melody, who looks like a perfect blend of Eric and Ariel.
That is the end of the part I call Poseidon’s Branch. But there is another part of the tree, I call the loop. It connects Poseidon’s Branch and Hades’s Branch. But we’ll get to that in a bit.

https://preview.redd.it/6ecdo3ekogn51.jpg?width=688&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e50de4d9b9da6a7c380639efb42e377a8300c497
So, Hades. His official wife is Persephone, goddess of spring, but he has children with other ladies if I’m correct. Now let’s start with his first mentioned child, Hadie. He is mentioned in Return to the Isle of the Lost and is a minor character in the book. Now, Hades was exiled to the Isle with all the other villains, but I believe that someone powerful, a god, for instance, would be able to visit the isle to see their relative or husband. And I think Persephone did just that. She went over to visit Hades, and her son, Hadie, was imprisoned with his father. But there is one other person who Hades definitely had a child with. Maleficent. In the House of Mouse episode Halloween with Hades, Hades attempts to woo Maleficent, and by the end, he has succeeded.

https://preview.redd.it/dl5zbfymogn51.jpg?width=882&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ed930abbe0b67dc3d4ecf044845678babac3406d
And when they were both exiled to the Isle, they had a daughter, Mal. I don’t know why they broke up. Most likely they decided that both of them being evil wasn’t enough to build a relationship on. But I believe that at one point, Hades had another affair, with another villain. Yzma has two children, whom I believe to be twins. Yzla and Zevon. Zevon looks nothing like his mother.
Most Descendants have the same first letter as their parent for their name, as well as similar colour schemes. But Yzma’s scheme is purple and black, whereas Zevon’s is turquoise and grey. Which villain has a colour scheme like that? Hades. So Hades has four children with three different people. But a note on Maleficent. Her parents are not mentioned in Sleeping Beauty, but they are in the movie Maleficent. Their names do not appear, however, unless you read the book of the movie. In there, it names them as two faeries, Hermia and Lysander. Now back to Mal.
It hasn’t happened yet, but Mal and Ben are currently preparing their wedding, and so we can safely say they will get married.
And Ben’s parents are of course Belle (daughter of Maurice and an unknown woman) and Prince Adam, aka. the Beast. But I don’t believe that Ben is an only child. Enter his way older brothers, Cinderella’s father and the Duke of Weselton.

https://preview.redd.it/5sihh8t0pgn51.jpg?width=441&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a1e40e020c4ece5b7cd0301da61893460f9c946e
I believe that these two were born before Auradon, and you can see some similarities. The nose and the moustache are quite similar, and if Cinderella’s father had aged more, his hairline would probably have receded in a similar fashion to the duke’s. And this also explains why the duke is unable to pronounce the word ‘Weselton’ properly. A proper german-speaking person from the area would pronounce the word something like ‘Veseltun’. Now from some history to explain this.
So Beauty and the Beast is set around 1770 in France. And in 1789, the French Revolution began. All nobles and royalty were forced to flee or be killed. So Belle and Adam must have fled to Germany, where they settled in Weselton. They had two children, and this explains why the Duke cannot pronounce the name of his hometown, as well as his title. As the oldest child, the Duke must’ve inherited the title from his parents. As royalty coming to Weselton, the family must have downgraded to Duke and Duchess. As for the pronunciation problem, the Duke pronounces it how a french-speaker might. And Cinderella is set in Germany, so this is a fair guess of how they ended up there. But back to the Duke.
After he messed up so badly with Arendelle, he (and his son) packed up and left Germany, because no-one was going to like him that much after he stopped them trading with their main partner. And by then, the Industrial Revolution was happening, and the Duke of Weselton sensed an opportunity. He moved to London with what wealth and heirlooms he could, including a certain tea set.

https://preview.redd.it/k0tl5yk7pgn51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=35b8781e11fc81e8da73e431fbc3a7772ad1defe
One theory, which I support, says that when the servants of Prince Adam were turned into objects, they merely inhabited objects already in the house, and when they became human again, the tea set remained. And the duke took this tea set to London, and his son inherited it. It was then taken to the jungle with his granddaughter when she went to observe some gorrilas. Yes, the Duke of Weselton’s son is none other than Archimedes Q. Porter. And his daughter, Jane, greatly resembles her great-grandmother, Belle. They both have beautiful brown hair, bunched yellow dresses and a taste for slightly wild men, who they then try to civilize. This only reinforces the theory.

https://preview.redd.it/2su97eobpgn51.jpg?width=640&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=cea389b08bee15fe8ac25f07c3f1b8d7dfd4ad08
And Jane marries Tarzan, who has two unnamed parents.
So we’ve looked at the Duke, now let’s look at his younger brother, the father of Cinderella. He married a woman, Cinderella’s mother, and they had one child, Cinderella.
Now, she married Prince Henry, better known as Prince Charming, and according to Descendants, they had a son, Chad.
But if we look at Cinderella’s father, we know he married again, to Lady Tremaine. Lady Tremaine had been married once before, to Francis Tremaine. They had two daughters, Anastasia and Drizella.
In Cinderella 2: Dreams Come True, Anastasia get a reform and becomes a nice person, falling in love with a humble baker, but for whatever reason, she is still sentenced, to the Isle of the Lost, and the baker comes with her.

https://preview.redd.it/3vgq6m4ppgn51.jpg?width=292&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=2c9569b3a0303b352df9514ae4d67f8e0c995570
They have a son, Anthony Tremaine, who appears in the Isle of the Lost book.
Drizella does not get a reform, and she also goes to the isle, where she has a daughter, Dizzy.
Dizzy’s father is not given, but here is what I think. So we start with what we know: He must be a villain. And he must be a redhead, because Drizella’s hair is dark. This has a lot of candidates: Prince Hans, Alameda Slim, Syndrome, the Stabbington brothers or Prince John. But there is one more thing. Lady Tremaine. She has already lost one daughter to a baker, and she would want the other to marry someone wealthy or a member of royalty. This leaves two people: Prince John or Hans. Now, Lady Tremaine would probably not want her daughter in a relationship with someone as stupid and cowardly as Prince John, and also, he’s a lion! So we can safely assume that Hans is Dizzy’s father.
Now we need to take another look at Cinderella, or rather, her fairy godmother. I will count that as a family connection, so let’s see. In Descendants, the Fairy Godmother has a daughter, Jane. But she is one of the few AKs without two parents mentioned. For AKs, it is common for them to have two parents in the same universe, and with the previously mentioned name convention, with having alitterated names. So, if we take that into account, only two people could be her father. First, Jaq the mouse. Really? Not happening. He’s a mouse! And he’s in a relationship with Mary the mouse. Only one candidate remains. The Grand Duke, advisor to the king. His name is unknown, so it could be John or James or something, and ‘Duke’ and ‘Jane’ sound similar anyway. The colour scheme between Jane and the Duke is similar. Their hair is similar. So the Grand Duke is Jane’s father.

https://preview.redd.it/mo1qu9xypgn51.jpg?width=565&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ba807e5cd92213d2244a6e21e32db904780c5ad7
Now, it isn’t official, but I believe that Jane and her boyfriend Carlos De Vil will marry, so this means Jane has Cruella De Vil for an in-law. But Carlos’s dad is nowhere to be found. This is a common theory, but here it is: King Candy is Carlos’s dad. He definitely counts as a villain. Cruella De Vil in Descendants is black, and has nothing to do with technology, which Carlos is quite talented with. King Candy gives him his skin color, his freckles and his aptitude for technology, as well as explaining that candy scene in Descendants. But we’re not quite done, because Cruella has a brother, Cecil B De Vil. He ended up on the Isle of the Lost, and had a son, Diego. So Carlos has an uncle and a cousin. That is all for Hades’s Branch.

https://preview.redd.it/fy8o0py0qgn51.jpg?width=977&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b951d98098e65bd1d64535ecf91ca2e14559eb28
So, the loop. This part of the family tree connects Hades’s Branch with Poseidon’s Branch, through a pair of brothers. You will never guess who they are. Prince Eric’s father, and the King from Cinderella, father of Prince Henry. They are the decsendants of Prince Florian and Snow White.
You can see a lot of similarities between the brothers’s sons, Prince Henry and Prince Eric, and Snow White and Prince Florian.

https://preview.redd.it/a6mnrbm3qgn51.jpg?width=570&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ed5dd09677292cc955308bb268ef31bff93f81f4
Prince Henry looks like a perfect blend of them, doesn’t he? And Eric is pretty close too, if not quite as perfect.

https://preview.redd.it/3zos6im5qgn51.jpg?width=638&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=9bbb69344c2279c3433c3afd47779e7ade111188
Furthermore, look at Snow White and Eric’s castles.

https://preview.redd.it/inr65el9qgn51.jpg?width=748&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=006b8cb56f2deb768406653b52a1ba06c2f380d1
Eric’s is obviously a modernised version of the Snow White’s castle, modeled on it but updated.
So let’s have a look at Snow White’s family. She is the daughter of an unnamed king and queen. When the queen died, the king married Queen Grimhilde, better known as the Evil Queen. She was exiled to the Isle of the Lost with the rest of the villains, where she had a daughter, Evie.
Evie is dating Doug, son of Dopey. He has six uncles: Sneezy, Sleepy, Grumpy, Doc, Bashful, and Happy. Yep, the dwarfs are all brothers. Sleepy has a son named Sleepy Jr., Bashful has a son named Bashful Jr., and Grumpy has a son called Gordon.
But who is Evie’s father? Gaston. Gaston always wanted to marry the most beautiful girl in town, and the fairest of the isle was definitely the Evil Queen. They would have been attracted to each other because they were both beautiful, but their egos and love of themselves would have made it hard to keep up a lasting relationship. Gaston then decided to get together with someone who worshiped him enough to come to the Isle with him, and would just inflate his ego. Namely, a Bimbette.

https://preview.redd.it/1hym71teqgn51.png?width=1085&format=png&auto=webp&s=649ec57d2497ed5edaa9972c54802933c1eb5b98
They worshiped Gaston, and one of them surely would want to go with Gaston to the Isle of the Lost. And I read a good theory about which one of these three ladies came over with Gaston. So, Gaston has three sons with an unknown woman, Gaston jr., Gaston the 3rd and Gil. Gil is the only one to appear in the movies.

https://preview.redd.it/38a72adhqgn51.jpg?width=2251&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5a418b2e76ea814e236bc33c1107dad4f8254d9d
Gil wears the typical colours of Gaston, red and gold, but you can see on his sleeves there is a lighter yellow. His mother could be the cause of this. If this is true, then his and his brothers’s mother is Laurette, the Bimbette in the yellow dress. Her sisters Paulette and Claudette are Gaston, Gaston and Gil’s aunts. Furthermore, in a comic Laurette is shown to be the smartest of the three, pretending to be Belle so she could marry Gaston. Maybe she found a way onto the Isle.
But there is another clue for one of Snow White’s ancestors. What we have is a painting hanging in the dining room in Eric’s palace.

https://preview.redd.it/58iq9z4kqgn51.jpg?width=533&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=39ac6103b5602f9f40d93a27915fdff6ef4f1758
Now, who does this remind you of? Yes, that is a portrait of Prince Phillip and Princess Aurora. And they are Eric’s, and Snow White’s ancestors. You don’t just hang a royal portrait of some random people in your castle, and though over 500 years separates their stories, it is clear that Eric is descended from Phillip and Aurora. But the royal couple also have another child, one who is not a direct ancestor of Eric or Snow White. Audrey, Queen of Mean.

I do not think that she is a direct ancestor of Snow White, because although Snow shares some traits with Phillip and Aurora, Audrey and her share next to none. Most likely Audrey has a sibling who went on to continue ruling and is Snow White’s direct ancestor. But this is not the end. Aurora has two parents, King Stefan and Queen Leah. In the movie Maleficent, Queen Leah has a father, King Henry. And Phillip is the son of King Hubert. So Aurora’s family goes back a few generations more.

https://preview.redd.it/eja9roaoqgn51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=dabc0d93f628cd32fa7867a9e4999c867e55a2ea
Below is an approximate timeline of events for this family to make it easier. A note that I have not included Descendants dates because it is so hard place on the timeline.
Timeline
65 Million B.C. Yzma is born!?
1236 B.C. Hercules and Megara are born.
1256 B. C. Hercules takes place.
1260 B. C. Hebe is born.
1310 A. D. Prince Phillip is born.
1314 A. D. Princess Aurora is born.
1330 A. D. Sleeping Beauty takes place.
1484 A. D. Prince Florian is born.
1500 A.D. The Emperor’s New Groove takes place.
1501 A. D. Snow White is born.
1515 A.D. Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs takes place.
1749 A.D. Prince Adam is born.
1753 A. D. Belle is born.
1770 A. D. Beauty And The Beast takes place.
1770 A. D. The Duke of Weselton is born.
1797 A. D. Prince Hans is born.
1805 A. D. Lady Tremaine is born.
1810 A. D. Cinderella’s Father is born.
1817 A.D. Archimedes Q. Porter is born.
1820 A.D. Frozen takes place.
1844 A. D. Prince Henry is born.
1846 A. D. Cinderella, Drizella and Anastasia are born.
1864 A. D. Jane and Tarzan are born.
1865 A. D. Cinderlla takes place.
1864 A. D. Attina is born.
1865 A. D. Alana is born.
1866 A. D. Adella is born.
1867 A. D. Aquata is born.
1868 A. D. Arista is born.
1869 A. D. Andrina is born.
1870 A. D. Ariel is born.
1882 A. D. Tarzan takes place.
1886 A. D. The Little Mermaid takes place.
1937 A. D. Cruella De Vil is born.
1961 A. D. 101 Dalmatians takes place.
So, what do you think? I’ve connected 15 franchises into one giant family tree. Have I done ok? Have I messed up big-time? Have I missed anything? But there you have it. The Complete(ish) Disney Family Tree.

https://preview.redd.it/viww36irqgn51.jpg?width=1254&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8a8a4e61c06fa2ebd10764cf65d0bfdf4496fa7c
submitted by IntoTheDisneyverse to DisneyTheories [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 21:21 swingerlover Circle Of Solomon #circleofsolomon

Circle Of Solomon #circleofsolomon
The seal of Solomon is a magical ring from various series in the mosaic. It is a symbol, made of two intertwined triangles, called a star hexagram or “Solomon’s ring”.
Origin and meaning
The seal goes back to the biblical King Solomon, who, according to tradition, was considered the greatest and most powerful king of the people of Israel. In Arabic, Solomon is known as Soliman or Süleyman . He is there as the ruler of the jinn , who commands all living things – including the spirits, the demons and even the devil – and can also lock them up with his power. In addition, Solomon is said to have been the author of magical books.
It is reported that Salomon had a talisman with which to exercise his power. In this sense, must have the MOSAIC the Seal of Solomon understood context. Solomon’s Seal consists of a six-pointed star (also known as the “Star of David”) made up of two entangled triangles. It can also be broken down into the symbols of the so-called “four elements” (earth, fire, air and water). It is popular in many places as an amulet or talisman.
However, the mosaic representation differs significantly from the actual role models. The mosaic uses a seven-rayed star instead of the six-rayed one, which does not consist of nested triangles, but is drawn in the manner of a heptagram (heptagon), which is also heavily used in the mythological context. Perhaps a similarity with the state symbol of Israel should be avoided. The enclosed symbols around the seal also do not belong to the original, but come from later times.
Use in the mosaic
Banishing the genie
The seal was first used by a genie – and a real genie to capture -. Since the magician Bimsaladin annoyed about the jinn, because he has helped his strongest competitor, he uses the seal of Solomon (which he found in a book of magic) to the genie without the possibility of resistance in a bottle jail. The jinn can not resist the command, and a magical force pulls him into the bottle. Then Bimsaladin uses a stamp that also bears the seal of Solomon to seal the bottle. He also curses the bottle with a curse that makes it impossible to open the bottle for 700 years.
Abuse by Abrafaxe
After the explosion of a pirate island in the Mediterranean , triggered by the Abrafaxen, they discover a mysterious bottle floating in the sea – the jinn bottle. Since the 700 years have just expired, the Abrafaxe can open the bottle and free the jinn. The djinn tells them the story of his capture. Then he refuses, however, to fulfill the Abrafaxen some wishes and wants to get away. The Abrafaxe want to be particularly clever, paint the seal of Solomon on a piece of canvas and try to make the djinn submissive. That does not succeed. Since they have no power over time, is an ill-considered remark Abrax the period around 300 years turned backand the djinn locked in a repeat of the last 300 years in the bottle. The Abrafaxe and their companions land in the middle of a crusade.

https://preview.redd.it/haoffrt1fdm51.jpg?width=1190&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a13204ea0daeff8b66be79462dadbf19416e52f8
Seal In Mesopotamia
The seal in Mesopotamia
After the crusade adventure is over, both the Abrafaxe and Don Ferrando go in search of the mysterious bottle. However, the power of the seal has lost both the memory of the seal itself and the appearance of the bottle among all the people involved. So it takes a while, until just the Don by chance, the right bottle falls into the hands.
Meanwhile, the Abrafaxe in the tomb of Meneptah in Egypt have a papyrus rolewhich contains a picture of the Seal of Solomon. This will restore her memory. They learn that a “great mystery” (of which one immediately suspects the seal) can be found in Babylonia. In different ways the Abrafaxe and the Don now break up into Mesopotamia . Meanwhile, there are the three treasure hunters Kanniz, Machniz and Nuzniz on behalf of the Hodja Nasreddin Excavations carried out and actually discovered in a ziggurat the seal stamp with the seal of Solomon. The seal is first brought to the hodja, who wants to solve the mystery of the seal and the bottle together with the Abrafaxen. Ultimately, however, the evil Don manages to get both the seal and the bottle and bring it to the Tower of the Winds . Just when he wants to open it, an earthquake engulfs the Don, including the bottle and the seal. The seal stamp with the seal of Solomon is apparently lost forever.

https://preview.redd.it/dlo936g3fdm51.jpg?width=506&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=cc9947b66491a72270aa867324b39550bf122ee7
Magic circle of Solomon
300 years later
At the end of the 300 years, however, the Abrafaxen meet their archenemy again, because in the tower of the wind a time gate was hidden, which transported the Don into the past. There he tried to track the time travel secret in the libraries of the Ishtar priests . A map with a list of time gates leads him to Egypt , from where he travels further in time. He lands at the place where later the Pyramid of Giza is built. The Seal of Solomon acts as a landing pad. The Abrafaxe had also used the time gate in the pyramid in the meantime, but they had not found any sign of the seal. In what exact connection the seal stands thus with the remaining time gates, is so far unclarified.
On their journey from Spain via South America to England , Don Ferrando makes life a lot harder for the Abrafaxen. In London , the mysterious bottle appears in the possession of the English scholar Francis Bacon. There, the Abrafaxe discover the bottle in his house when they come from an Eldorado Expedition returned to London in 1578. Bacon can not quite believe what the Abrafaxe tells him about the bottle, but knows that it is a very mysterious object. At an equally mysterious ceremony in the Catacombs of London, the showdown finally takes place. The bottle rolls to a bottomed Seal of Solomon, opens itself and the genie is finally released. There is a new leap in time.
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originally posted at: https://izabaeldajinn.com/2018/11/circle-of-solomon
submitted by swingerlover to occultspells [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 11:47 SimNews_ MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities
As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry.
In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States).
https://preview.redd.it/sh7jmidhkam51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bbe72d114c968abb0a1d456996e4e32a3a34640c

Australia

  • Canberra
  • Darwin City
  • Gold Coast
  • Hobart
  • Newcastle
  • Wollongong

Belgium

  • Brussels

Canada

  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
  • Hamilton
  • London
  • Montreal
  • Ottawa
  • Quebec City
  • Toronto
  • Vancouver
  • Victoria
  • Winnipeg

Denmark

  • Copenhagen

France

  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Bordeaux
  • Lille
  • Marseille
  • Montpellier
  • Rennes
  • Rouen
  • Strasbourg

Germany

  • Aachen
  • Augsburg
  • Berlin
  • Bremen
  • Brunswick
  • Dresden
  • Duisburg
  • Halle (Saale)
  • Hamburg
  • Karlsruhe
  • Kiel
  • Leipzig
  • Magdeburg
  • Mannheim
  • Mönchengladbach
  • Munich
  • Münster
  • Nuremberg
  • Oberhausen

Italy

  • Bologna
  • Catania
  • Florence
  • Milan
  • Naples
  • Palermo
  • Rome
  • Venice
  • Verona

Spain

  • Alicante
  • Barcelona
  • Córdoba
  • Madrid
  • Marbella
  • Murcia
  • Pamplona
  • Seville
  • Valencia
  • Vigo

Switzerland

  • Zürich

United Kingdom

  • Portsmouth
  • Southampton

Alabama

  • Anniston
  • Auburn
  • Birmingham
  • Decatur
  • Dothan
  • Huntsville
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery
  • Spanish Fort

Arizona

  • Anthem
  • Carefree
  • Catalina Foothills
  • Drexel Heights
  • Flagstaff
  • Lake Havasu City
  • Mesa
  • Oro Valley
  • Peoria
  • Phoenix
  • Prescott
  • San Tan Valley
  • Tempe
  • Tucson
  • Yuma

Arkansas

  • Little Rock

California

  • Agua Caliente
  • Anaheim
  • Antioch
  • Bakersfield
  • Castro Valley
  • Chico
  • Concord
  • Davis
  • Desert Hot Springs
  • Downey
  • Elk Grove
  • Fairfield
  • Foster City
  • Fremont
  • Fresno
  • Glendale
  • Hanford
  • Hollister
  • Hollywood
  • Inglewood
  • La Habra
  • Lodi
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Los Gatos
  • Madera
  • Manteca
  • Modesto
  • Moreno Valley
  • Oceanside
  • Oxnard
  • Palm Springs
  • Palmdale
  • Perris
  • Porterville
  • Redding
  • Reedley
  • Richmond
  • Sacramento
  • Salinas
  • San Bernardino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santa Clarita
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Monica
  • Selma
  • Simi Valley
  • Stockton
  • Temecula
  • Ukiah
  • Visalia
  • Yuba City
  • Yucaipa

Colorado

  • Boulder
  • Colorado Springs
  • Denver

Connecticut

  • Bridgeport
  • New Haven
  • Stamford

Delaware

  • Dover
  • Wilmington

Florida

  • Brandon
  • Clermont
  • Daytona Beach
  • Deltona
  • Flagler Beach
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Myers
  • Gainesville
  • Gulf Breeze
  • Immokalee
  • Jacksonville
  • Key West
  • Lake City
  • Lakeland
  • Leesburg
  • Marco Island
  • Miami
  • New Smyrna Beach
  • Ocala
  • Okeechobee
  • Orange Park
  • Orlando
  • Pace
  • Palatka
  • Palm Bay
  • Palm Beach
  • Palmetto Bay
  • Panama City
  • Pensacola
  • Poinciana
  • Port Charlotte
  • Port St. Lucie
  • Sarasota
  • Sebring
  • Spring Hill
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tallahassee
  • Tampa
  • Tarpon Springs
  • Titusville
  • Universal Studios Florida
  • Venice
  • Walt Disney World Resort
  • Winter Haven
  • Winter Park
  • Zephyrhills

Georgia

  • Atlanta
  • Brunswick
  • Columbus
  • Gainesville
  • Griffin
  • LaGrange
  • Macon
  • Marietta
  • Peachtree City
  • Riverdale
  • Roswell
  • Savannah
  • Sea Island
  • St. Marys
  • Statesboro
  • Valdosta

Illinois

  • Carbondale
  • Champaign
  • Chicago
  • Kankakee
  • Marion
  • Rock Island
  • Springfield

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne
  • Indianapolis
  • Kokomo
  • Michigan City
  • South Bend

Iowa

  • Des Moines

Kansas

  • Topeka
  • Wichita

Kentucky

  • Louisville

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge
  • Monroe
  • New Orleans
  • Shreveport

Maine

  • Augusta
  • Portland

Maryland

  • Baltimore

Massachusetts

  • Boston
  • Brockton
  • Lowell
  • Springfield
  • Worcester

Michigan

  • Ann Arbor
  • Detroit

Minnesota

  • Farmington
  • Minneapolis

Mississippi

  • Gulfport
  • Jackson
  • Laurel

Missouri

  • Columbia
  • Jefferson City
  • Kansas City
  • Springfield
  • St. Louis

Nebraska

  • Lincoln
  • Omaha

Nevada

  • Carson City
  • Las Vegas
  • Reno

New Hampshire

  • Concord

New Jersey

  • Edison
  • Middletown
  • Newark
  • Toms River
  • Trenton
  • Willingboro

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque
  • Bernalillo
  • Las Cruces
  • Los Lunas
  • Santa Fe

New York

  • New York
  • Niagara Falls
  • Syracuse

North Carolina

  • Durham
  • Greensboro
  • Raleigh
  • Winston-Salem

North Dakota

  • Bismarck
  • Fargo

Ohio

  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Toledo

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City
  • Tulsa

Oregon

  • Beaverton
  • Portland

Pennsylvania

  • Abington
  • Harrisburg
  • McCandless
  • Norristown
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh

Rhode Island

  • Providence

South Carolina

  • Charleston
  • Columbia
  • Goose Creek
  • Greenville
  • Summerville

South Dakota

  • Pierre

Tennessee

  • Memphis
  • Nashville

Texas

  • Amarillo
  • Austin
  • Brownsville
  • Corpus Christi
  • El Paso
  • Fort Worth
  • Galveston
  • Houston
  • Kingwood
  • Laredo
  • Longview
  • Lubbock
  • McAllen
  • Midland
  • San Antonio
  • The Woodlands

Utah

  • Salt Lake City

Virginia

  • Norfolk
  • Richmond

Washington

  • Everett
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma

Wisconsin

  • Appleton
  • Fond du Lac
  • Green Bay
  • Janesville
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Oshkosh
  • Sheboygan

Wyoming

  • Cheyenne
submitted by SimNews_ to MicrosoftFlightSim [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 10:35 SimNews_ MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

MSFS Includes Hundreds of Photorealistic Cities

As we have learned, the entire Earth of the next-generation Microsoft Flight Simulator is based on Bing Maps satellite imagery, filled with Blackshark.ai’s auto-generated objects, such as houses, trees, and windmills. A few hundreds of cities, strictly speaking of 341, mostly in North America and Europe, have been presented more accurately by using photogrammetry.
In some cities, the data may be a few years old, which can be seen as old commercials in some of the billboards. More highly modeled cities will come in the future as World Update for sure, although there is no confirmation on this yet. Below is the list of highly modeled cities, organized by countries and states (United States).
https://preview.redd.it/7cfz2j2n7am51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fc1c175d888f1f7ed140d8ff4b933209a383cd2d

Australia

  • Canberra
  • Darwin City
  • Gold Coast
  • Hobart
  • Newcastle
  • Wollongong

Belgium

  • Brussels

Canada

  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
  • Hamilton
  • London
  • Montreal
  • Ottawa
  • Quebec City
  • Toronto
  • Vancouver
  • Victoria
  • Winnipeg

Denmark

  • Copenhagen

France

  • Aix-en-Provence
  • Bordeaux
  • Lille
  • Marseille
  • Montpellier
  • Rennes
  • Rouen
  • Strasbourg

Germany

  • Aachen
  • Augsburg
  • Berlin
  • Bremen
  • Brunswick
  • Dresden
  • Duisburg
  • Halle (Saale)
  • Hamburg
  • Karlsruhe
  • Kiel
  • Leipzig
  • Magdeburg
  • Mannheim
  • Mönchengladbach
  • Munich
  • Münster
  • Nuremberg
  • Oberhausen

Italy

  • Bologna
  • Catania
  • Florence
  • Milan
  • Naples
  • Palermo
  • Rome
  • Venice
  • Verona

Spain

  • Alicante
  • Barcelona
  • Córdoba
  • Madrid
  • Marbella
  • Murcia
  • Pamplona
  • Seville
  • Valencia
  • Vigo

Switzerland

  • Zürich

United Kingdom

  • Portsmouth
  • Southampton

Alabama

  • Anniston
  • Auburn
  • Birmingham
  • Decatur
  • Dothan
  • Huntsville
  • Mobile
  • Montgomery
  • Spanish Fort

Arizona

  • Anthem
  • Carefree
  • Catalina Foothills
  • Drexel Heights
  • Flagstaff
  • Lake Havasu City
  • Mesa
  • Oro Valley
  • Peoria
  • Phoenix
  • Prescott
  • San Tan Valley
  • Tempe
  • Tucson
  • Yuma

Arkansas

  • Little Rock

California

  • Agua Caliente
  • Anaheim
  • Antioch
  • Bakersfield
  • Castro Valley
  • Chico
  • Concord
  • Davis
  • Desert Hot Springs
  • Downey
  • Elk Grove
  • Fairfield
  • Foster City
  • Fremont
  • Fresno
  • Glendale
  • Hanford
  • Hollister
  • Hollywood
  • Inglewood
  • La Habra
  • Lodi
  • Long Beach
  • Los Angeles
  • Los Gatos
  • Madera
  • Manteca
  • Modesto
  • Moreno Valley
  • Oceanside
  • Oxnard
  • Palm Springs
  • Palmdale
  • Perris
  • Porterville
  • Redding
  • Reedley
  • Richmond
  • Sacramento
  • Salinas
  • San Bernardino
  • San Diego
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Barbara
  • Santa Clarita
  • Santa Cruz
  • Santa Monica
  • Selma
  • Simi Valley
  • Stockton
  • Temecula
  • Ukiah
  • Visalia
  • Yuba City
  • Yucaipa

Colorado

  • Boulder
  • Colorado Springs
  • Denver

Connecticut

  • Bridgeport
  • New Haven
  • Stamford

Delaware

  • Dover
  • Wilmington

Florida

  • Brandon
  • Clermont
  • Daytona Beach
  • Deltona
  • Flagler Beach
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort Myers
  • Gainesville
  • Gulf Breeze
  • Immokalee
  • Jacksonville
  • Key West
  • Lake City
  • Lakeland
  • Leesburg
  • Marco Island
  • Miami
  • New Smyrna Beach
  • Ocala
  • Okeechobee
  • Orange Park
  • Orlando
  • Pace
  • Palatka
  • Palm Bay
  • Palm Beach
  • Palmetto Bay
  • Panama City
  • Pensacola
  • Poinciana
  • Port Charlotte
  • Port St. Lucie
  • Sarasota
  • Sebring
  • Spring Hill
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tallahassee
  • Tampa
  • Tarpon Springs
  • Titusville
  • Universal Studios Florida
  • Venice
  • Walt Disney World Resort
  • Winter Haven
  • Winter Park
  • Zephyrhills

Georgia

  • Atlanta
  • Brunswick
  • Columbus
  • Gainesville
  • Griffin
  • LaGrange
  • Macon
  • Marietta
  • Peachtree City
  • Riverdale
  • Roswell
  • Savannah
  • Sea Island
  • St. Marys
  • Statesboro
  • Valdosta

Illinois

  • Carbondale
  • Champaign
  • Chicago
  • Kankakee
  • Marion
  • Rock Island
  • Springfield

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne
  • Indianapolis
  • Kokomo
  • Michigan City
  • South Bend

Iowa

  • Des Moines

Kansas

  • Topeka
  • Wichita

Kentucky

  • Louisville

Louisiana

  • Baton Rouge
  • Monroe
  • New Orleans
  • Shreveport

Maine

  • Augusta
  • Portland

Maryland

  • Baltimore

Massachusetts

  • Boston
  • Brockton
  • Lowell
  • Springfield
  • Worcester

Michigan

  • Ann Arbor
  • Detroit

Minnesota

  • Farmington
  • Minneapolis

Mississippi

  • Gulfport
  • Jackson
  • Laurel

Missouri

  • Columbia
  • Jefferson City
  • Kansas City
  • Springfield
  • St. Louis

Nebraska

  • Lincoln
  • Omaha

Nevada

  • Carson City
  • Las Vegas
  • Reno

New Hampshire

  • Concord

New Jersey

  • Edison
  • Middletown
  • Newark
  • Toms River
  • Trenton
  • Willingboro

New Mexico

  • Albuquerque
  • Bernalillo
  • Las Cruces
  • Los Lunas
  • Santa Fe

New York

  • New York
  • Niagara Falls
  • Syracuse

North Carolina

  • Durham
  • Greensboro
  • Raleigh
  • Winston-Salem

North Dakota

  • Bismarck
  • Fargo

Ohio

  • Cincinnati
  • Cleveland
  • Columbus
  • Dayton
  • Toledo

Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma City
  • Tulsa

Oregon

  • Beaverton
  • Portland

Pennsylvania

  • Abington
  • Harrisburg
  • McCandless
  • Norristown
  • Philadelphia
  • Pittsburgh

Rhode Island

  • Providence

South Carolina

  • Charleston
  • Columbia
  • Goose Creek
  • Greenville
  • Summerville

South Dakota

  • Pierre

Tennessee

  • Memphis
  • Nashville

Texas

  • Amarillo
  • Austin
  • Brownsville
  • Corpus Christi
  • El Paso
  • Fort Worth
  • Galveston
  • Houston
  • Kingwood
  • Laredo
  • Longview
  • Lubbock
  • McAllen
  • Midland
  • San Antonio
  • The Woodlands

Utah

  • Salt Lake City

Virginia

  • Norfolk
  • Richmond

Washington

  • Everett
  • Seattle
  • Tacoma

Wisconsin

  • Appleton
  • Fond du Lac
  • Green Bay
  • Janesville
  • Madison
  • Milwaukee
  • Oshkosh
  • Sheboygan

Wyoming

  • Cheyenne
Microsoft Flight Simulator is available as a digital purchase from Microsoft Store and Steam as well as a DVD box from Aerosoft. Prices are for Standard 69.99 EUR, Deluxe 89.99 EUR, and Premium Deluxe 119.99 EUR. Standard Edition is also included in Xbox Game Pass for PC monthly subscription.
submitted by SimNews_ to u/SimNews_ [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 22:24 kjonesatjaagnet Look beyond London for the UK fintechs that will lead post-Covid recovery

Look beyond London for the UK fintechs that will lead post-Covid recovery


Echoing Prime Minister’s Boris Johnson pledge to 'double down on levelling up' the UK economy, Citi Bank’s Tony McLaughlin believes the country can become an even more friendly environment for fintech and should be looking outside “a small perimeter around Old Street”.
Tony McLaughlin believes that the UK needs to double down on fintech to spearhead the post-Covid economic recovery, but needs to look outside London for the innovative companies that will be the catalyst of this.
“If you think about fintech as a way of working, companies have got access to global markets because their software is scalable across the world. Naturally fintech is a type of business where software is created collaboratively, where people work in new styles, where not everyone has to be in same office or location,” he tells Finextra Research.
“So, I take issue with the sector being too London focused. I think, if anything, efforts can be made to promote fintech in other locations which have got great software development capability within the UK.”
There may now be an increased desire to harness these capabilities. Large numbers of people have spent the last six months working from home, so the idea of journeying into London for four or five days a week may now seem like an unnecessary exercise.
This may dilute the importance of the capital city and see companies be more aggressive in harnessing the technology capabilities around the rest of the UK.
Beyond Brexit and Covid
Perhaps following the lead of jurisdictions like Switzerland and Singapore, policymakers in the UK should be looking at where its fintech sector has a natural advantage and how this can be augmented.
“In the AI space, for example, there’s some great expertise in the UK - DeepMind came from the UK, for example - so there are places where the country’s natural advantages could be leveraged in fintech,” McLaughlin says.
“Fintech is probably not material enough to necessarily lift the whole economy out of a recession, but it is certainly going to be a big contributor.”
While it is tempting to view the outlook for fintech primarily through a Brexit or a Covid lens, it will be important for companies to set their sights on the bigger picture of how businesses and consumers are likely to interact and transact in the years to come.
Imagining how the financial services will develop and how UK fintech should look to capitalise, McLaughlin refers to a McKinsey report of January 2018, which claimed that some $60 trillion worth of economic activity will be conducted in digital ecosystems by 2025, whether this be through B2B or direct-to-consumer platforms.
If McKinsey were asked to reevaluate this sum post-Covid, it is of course more likely that their lofty expectations would be inflated than deflated.
This will offer the opportunity to provide the financial services for such platforms, whether it be fintech companies, the banks themselves, or even big tech firms doing so.
Taking China as a model, financial services on platforms such as Alibaba and WeChat are provided by the companies themselves, which is also happening in the US with the GAFA firms.
Herding cats
However, the UK’s Open Banking ecosystem should create an environment where there will be room for manoeuvre and collaboration between the different players: banks acting like fintechs, fintechs acting like banks, banks acting like vendors and so on.
“Going forward, the opportunity for fintechs will not be providing an app that tells you how much coffee you’ve drunk, but embedding financial services into these mass-market consumer platforms,” McLaughlin says.
One such example of an area where UK fintech could respond to the needs of the financial markets is in digital identity, particularly how it pertains to the payments space.
According to David Birch of Consult Hyperion, payments equals identity plus accounting entries. While the latter is straightforward, it is identity that invariably proves the difficult bit.
The areas of the payments journey that are broken often come down to knowing beyond all doubt that the person performing a transaction is who they claim to be.
“I think another opportunity for the UK is maybe to focus on our foundational capability or infrastructure for the emerging digital economy, particularly in identity,” McLaughlin says.
“I’d like to see more fintechs take on those big foundational issues.”
Rather than simply offering white-label solutions (though there will remain a great deal of scope for these), fintechs should look to “herd the cats of the banking industry”, as McLaughlin puts it.
They should be looking to build industry-wide solutions in such areas as digital identity, as there is a great case for banks clubbing together to deliver interoperable digital identity, as already exists in Sweden.
“That’s one of the relatively unexplored avenues in the industry,” McLaughlin says.
Originally published by Finextra September 9, 2020
submitted by kjonesatjaagnet to JAAGNet [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 20:30 sonofconfucious "So, I just bought a Wilding typewriter". "A what?" (short story)

Hello!
So I just bought my first typewriter, a Wilding TW100 in eggshell blue. As I found out after buying (nice pre-purchase research, you will say), this brand is (almost) non-existent in the web, and the serial plate just says "Made in Japan, Serial number 001 etc"... time to research!
\"You can type in any colour you want, as long as it is black\"
After some hours I kept only finding back to the same reddit post at typewriters from 7 years ago where the author asks what the heck is this brand. In the post, a fellow indicates that the machine is likely a japanese model made by Silver Seiko and sold under a retailer brand from UK.
After a couple hours of google images browsing, I managed to find that the machine was indeed a Silver, either a Silver Seiko or Silver Reed (not sure about the full manufacturebrand name at this point) of the portable models type. Xavier.edu kindly provides a generic instruction manual for this machines under " Silver-Seiko small portables (includes Silver-Reed, Imperial 200, and several small Royals) (English, French, German, Spanish) ", and Mrmrsvintagetypewriters.com also kindly provide another generic manual for these range of machines under "Silver reed Silverette Typewriter Manual (Compatible to Nearly all Silver Reed Typewriters)". I also found Shorthandtypist website, who presents a review on these, and adds historic info (no source) "All the lightweight Silver Reed typewriters were made by Silver Seiko in Japan but some were assembled in the United Kingdom to get around the anti dumping legislation. There were many different versions but all had the same basic mechanics from the base Silverette to the top of the range models."
So the machine was a Silver Reed, built by Silver Seiko, assembled either in Japan or UK, and finally sold under the Wildwing retailer name. From here, research went on.
I found that Wilding Office Equipment PLC was a UK retailer established in April 1964 that also acquired an office furniture business. At this database I manage to find around 20 news on the firm, some interesting like the release of the new IBM PS/1 (1Mb 80286, colour screen and 30Mb disk) lauched in the 1990s for UKP1,400, and others a bit more informative about the company, products and market situation at the late 80s and through early 90s: "As if further proof were needed that to operate in the UK personal computer market profit margins must be pared to the bone, Wilding Office Equipment has provided it with pre-tax profits down 52% to UKP465,000 on turnover up 16% to UKP30m. Ilford, Essex-based Wilding distributes IBM, Olivetti, Toshiba and Brother personal computers, along with Psion Mobiles. However, Wilding is ploughing ahead with its plans for geographical expansion and over the interim period has opened new retail shops in Leicester, London Wall, Southampton and Cheltenham. Following the success of the Clerkenwell Business Systems Centre which was opened last year as a showroom and reference centre for the Southern region (CI No 1,312), Wilding is now opening a similar facility in Deansgate, Manchester. A distribution centre has also been acquired in Manchester. Despite the fact that Clerkenwell was supposed to be the first of nine such Centres, chairman Terry Wilding says that the company is now entering a period of consolidation and has declared that the current phase of its expansion strategy is now completed with the opening of a Business Systems Centre in Newcastle upon Tyne this month. Open Plan Ltd office furniture is trading well and meeting its budgets, largely because screens to partition offices are enjoying something of a boom. Terry Wilding is hopeful for the long term but warns that trading over the next six months is likely to continue to be difficult in UK markets."
Difficulties continued, and the company was eventually dissolved in April 1993. At this moment, the only other information available related to the company is a list of 31 (old) people at Linkedin that were former employees back at that company, which once employed nearly 600 people. The number of Wilding-branded typewriters that still exists today is a mystery, but at least one eggshell blue will be kept in good nick and be used for what it was made for :)
Hope you enjoyed the story. And now, I just found out the carriage gets stuck when going to the right. Fun times ahead.
Cheers!
submitted by sonofconfucious to typewriters [link] [comments]


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